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2. Fluid, Electrolyte, And Acid-Base Balance (Reduced)

2. Fluid, Electrolyte, And Acid-Base Balance (Reduced)

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Published by Dr. Manal Kassab

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Dr. Manal Kassab on Mar 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/15/2013

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Fluid, Electrolyte, and AcidFluid, Electrolyte, and Acid--Base BalanceBase Balance
Dr. Manal KassabDr. Manal Kassab
2323FebFeb20112011
 
DAILY MAINTENANCE FLUID REQUIREMENTS
Body Weight (kg) Amount of fluid per day (Basal Maintenance)
1 ± 10 100 ml/ kg11 ± 20 1000ml + 50 ml/ kg for each kg>10 kg20 1500 ml + 20 ml/ kg for each kg > 20 kgNormometabolic state, at rest;Estimated fluid requirements-----increased or decreased fromthese parameters -----increased/decreased of H2O losses,e.x Elevated body temperatureCHF
 
Distribution of body fluids
 
Water is the major constitutes of body tissuesTBW range
(
of total body weight)
from
40% - 60% adults75% infantsLoss of 20% - fatal
Distribution of body fluids, or total body water (TBW),involves the presence of 
Intracellular 
(I
CF)
Extracellular 
(
ECF) fluids

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