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Week 4 Assignment Information Processing Theory

Week 4 Assignment Information Processing Theory

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Published by: Megs on Mar 04, 2011
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Information Processing Theory 1
Information Processing TheoryAED/202January 16, 2011
 
Information Processing Theory 2
Our minds develop in different ways and we learn to keep what we learn in our minds tohelp us as we grow older. With our memory we also know how to think back on certain things tohelp us we daily activities and tasks. Many people do not know what such a process would becalled; being able to receive information and how we process it. Information Processing Theoryis a theoretical perspective that focuses on the specific ways in which people mentally think about (process) the information they receive. There are five different working components to thistheory that are involved, sensation, perception, sensory register, working memory, and long-termmemory.Each of the five components has its own job on what it provides. Sensation is thephysiological detection of stimuli in the environment; in other words using your five senses,sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. Perception is the cognitive interpretation of stimuli that thebody has sensed; in other words would be the way a person translates the information and theworld around them. Sensory register is the component of memory that holds incominginformation in an unanalyzed form for a very brief time (2 to 3 seconds or less). This register hasto do with all the information that is sent to our brain having to do with all five senses. Workingmemory is the component of memory that enables people to actively think about and process asmall amount of information working memory has to do with the new information that is beinganalyzed, but is only remembered for a few seconds; also known as short-term memory. Long-term memory is the component of memory that holds knowledge and skills for a relatively longperiod of time; these are things that are learned from experiences throughout the years.With all this information coming in there has to be a way to regulate everything that themind is taking in and what to do with it. The central executive is a component of the humaninformation processing system that oversees the flow of information throughout the system. The
 
Information Processing Theory 3
central executive is also responsible for planning, decision making, self-regulation, andinhibition of unproductive thoughts and behaviors.The central executive helps to ensure that the learning and memory processes work effectively. Our five senses provide the first pieces of information, and then it is sent to thesensory register which holds all this new information for a short period of time, unless wecontinue to think on a particular thing. How much a person pays attention plays a key role inmoving the information we receive from the sensory register to the working memory. Attentioninvolves active focusing on information, and how much we pay attention to somethingdetermines how well we remember something later and where it will essentially be stored.Between working memory and long-term memory you need in-depth processing, which allowsyou to make connections between new information and the existing knowledge which is alreadystored.Sensation and PerceptionWhile in infancy the child has to rely on others for their survival, learning language, andabout their culture, the use of social stimuli is beneficial for them at this stage in their life.Depending on where a child is born, will help in determine their individual perception of their environment surroundings; which is also key for ones essential survival.AttentionAttention comes from the maturation of the brain and the continuing development of thecortex. Attention has to do with the physical stimuli and later in life has to do with a person pre-existing knowledge. Infants pay attention to things that are moderately different. As a childgrows distractibility decreases and attention grows more sustainable. When kids are in preschool

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