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Phalguna Masam - The Meritorious Month (Significance & Merits)

Phalguna Masam - The Meritorious Month (Significance & Merits)

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Published by bhargavasarma
Last but not the least, Phalguna masam is the 12th month as per traditional Hindu Lunar calendar that generally occurs during English calendar months of February-March. The season is known as Sisira-Ruthu when we find still cool but pleasant climate, change in the colour of the leaves as they start withering. When the season ends we find new leaves start springing up that marks the beginning of spring season and the temperature slowly gets warmer. During this month Sun transit takes place from Kumbha raasi (Aquarius) to Meena Raasi (Pisces). Sisira is one of the thousands of names of Lord Sri Maha Vishnu that we find in sloka number 97 of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stothram.
Last but not the least, Phalguna masam is the 12th month as per traditional Hindu Lunar calendar that generally occurs during English calendar months of February-March. The season is known as Sisira-Ruthu when we find still cool but pleasant climate, change in the colour of the leaves as they start withering. When the season ends we find new leaves start springing up that marks the beginning of spring season and the temperature slowly gets warmer. During this month Sun transit takes place from Kumbha raasi (Aquarius) to Meena Raasi (Pisces). Sisira is one of the thousands of names of Lord Sri Maha Vishnu that we find in sloka number 97 of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stothram.

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Published by: bhargavasarma on Mar 05, 2011
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11/29/2012

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Om! Gam! Ganapathaye! Namaha! Om! Sri Raghavendraya Namaha! Om! Namo! Bhagavathe! Vaasudevaya! Om! Ham! Hanumathe! Sri Rama Doothaya Namaha! 
Phalguna Maasam²The meritorious month 
Significance & Merits 
Last but not the least, Phalguna masam is the 12
th 
month as per traditional Hindu Lunar calendar that generally occurs during English calendar months of February-March. The season is known as Sisira- Ruthu when we find still cool but pleasant climate, change in the colour of the leaves as they start withering. When the season ends we find newleaves start springing up that marks the beginning of spring season and the temperature slowly gets warmer. During this month Sun transit takes place from Kumbha raasi (Aquarius) to Meena Raasi (Pisces).Sisira is one of the thousands of names of Lord Sri Maha Vishnu that wefind in sloka number 97 of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stothram.Araudrah kundali chakri vikramyurjita-shasanah Shabdatigah shabdasahah 
sisirah 
sarvari-karah Sisira is a Sanskrit word meaning cool. Lord Vishnu is very cool in his disposition and Who is a solution to those who are suffering from worldly burning passions.As per Hindu lunar calendar, the month in which full moon day coincides with Poorva/Uttara Phalguni star that month is denoted as Phalguna masam. Astrologically we find the stars Poorva Phalguni in the zodiac sign of Leo (Simha raasi) and Uttara Phalguni partly in Leo and partly in Virgo (Kanya raasi). While Venus is the ruling planet of Poorva Phalguni star, Sun is the ruling planet of Uttara Phalguni star.Phalgu is the name of a holy river on the banks of which the sacred Gaya Kshethra is located in Bihar. Two streams Lilajan (Niranjara) and Mohana originating from a hill called Korambe Pahar about 75km south of Gaya meet together to form the river Phalgu at Gaya. It is a tributary 
 
of river Ganges and most of the time it remains dry due to a curse given by Goddess Sita Devi. The river is also referred to as Gupta Ganga because most of the year its bed usually appears dry but if you scoop with your hand you will at once come to clear water. It is said that as per Vayu Purana the river Phalgu is considered to be superior to river Ganges since it is the liquid form of Lord Vishnu whereas Ganges has originated from the foot of Lord Vishnu. As per Agni Purana it is said that Phalgu means highest power of piousness added with merit. Phala means merit and Gau means wish fulfilling cow (Kamadhenu).Lord Sri Maha Vishnu in the name of Sri Govinda is the presiding Deity 
Masa Niyamaka 
) governing the month of Phalguna masam.Govinda is a very popular name of Lord Sri Vishnu which we find commonly being chanted by one and all. In 24
Kesava Namas 
wefind Govindaya Namaha as the fourth one which we recite whileperforming Aachamanam and also we recite Sri Govinda, Govinda whileperforming Sankalpa. The name Govinda also popularly figures in Sri Vishnu,
Naamathraya Japam 
- Achyutaya Namaha, Ananthaaya Namaha and Govindaaya Namaha. We find a reference to the word Govinda in 
Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stothram 
in sloka number 20& 58 as follows Maheshvaso mahibharta shrinivasah satam gatih Aniruddhah suranando 
govindo 
govidam patih Mahavaraho 
govindah 
sushenah kanakangadi Guhyo gabhiro gahano guptas chakra-gadadharah Govinda means the One who is the Lord of Cows, protector of Cows, theone who has lifted the hill called Goverdhanagiri with His little finger to save and protect the Cows and Cowherds, also the one who is theprotector of Earth. Go also means Vedas. One who is the protector of Vedas and who is eulogized by Vedas. Go means Cow and Vinda means one who helps to survive or surmount. Go+Vinda = Govinda means theOne who helps us to survive and surmount the earthly existence and 
 
reach Supreme realization of the Self. Lord Sri Krishna is popularly known and called as Govinda and who is also called as Gopala theprotector of cows. We also find Lord Sri Venkateshwara popularly being referred to as Govinda and devotees chanting Govinda-Govinda when they visit Tirumala Kshetra.
Payo-Vratha (in brief) 
When King Bali (Bali Chakravarthi) and his followers invaded Swarga Loka, dethroned Indra and other Demi-Gods and captured all their wealth, Aditi the Divine Mother of Demi-Gods and wife of SageKashyapa got highly distressed with the plight of her sons. Aggrieved with her sons· condition she prayed to her husband Sage Kashyapa to suggest the way to make her sons reoccupy their respective positions in the Heaven. Moved by the Aditi·s request, Sage Kashyapa suggested her to worship Lord Sri ManNarayana by performing an austerity known as Payo Vratha and explained its rules and regulations.According to its principles one has to perform with proper sankalpa this austerity for twelve days, starting from Sukla Paadyami and ending with Dwadasi. During this period one should perform Sri Vishnu Aaradhana by worshiping Him daily with shodasa upachaara pooja anfeeding poor and Brahmins as much as possible and 
subsisting only on Milk 
. One is required to perform this austerity with total faith and devotion towards Lord Vishnu, strictly observing celibacy, taking bath thrice a day, sleeping on floor etc. At the end of the vratha one should perform a homa/yagna, feed Brahmins, and give charity. Since this Vratha is ought to yield far reaching results and fulfills all desires it is also known as Sarva Yagna.Aditi then performed Payovratha strictly adhering to its rules resulting in Lord Sri ManNarayana appearing before her and assuring her that her wish would get fulfilled and that He would take birth as her son.Accordingly, Lord Sri Maha Vishnu took the incarnation of Lord Vaamana and fulfilled Aditi·s desires. We find reference to this 

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