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Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Vol 008

Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Vol 008

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Published by tij15
This are the volumes form the revised - erroneous - version of the CWMG as published on the CD-Rom "Mahatma Gandhi - Interactive Multimedia - Electronic Book" in 1999. Page and volume nos. are not identical with the original print version of the 1960's-1990's. The content of this CWMG version is to be credited as "The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (Electronic Book), New Delhi, Publications Division Government of India, 1999, 98 volumes"
Vol008- December 14, 1907 - July 22, 1908
This are the volumes form the revised - erroneous - version of the CWMG as published on the CD-Rom "Mahatma Gandhi - Interactive Multimedia - Electronic Book" in 1999. Page and volume nos. are not identical with the original print version of the 1960's-1990's. The content of this CWMG version is to be credited as "The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (Electronic Book), New Delhi, Publications Division Government of India, 1999, 98 volumes"
Vol008- December 14, 1907 - July 22, 1908

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Published by: tij15 on Mar 05, 2011
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03/08/2013

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VOL. 8 : 14 DECEMBER, 1907 - 22 JULY, 1908
1
1. LATE MR. ARATHOON 
The mail last week brought the sad news of Mr. Arathoon’sdeath. Mr. Arathoon in his capacity as the honorary secretary of theEast India Association served it for a number of years faithfully andwell. As Editor of 
The Asiatic Quarterly Review,
his work is known toall who have any connection with India. But he is best known toIndians in South Africa for his very great sympathy for them and theconstant attention he gave to the question in connection with theAssociation, with which he was so closely identified. He never missedan opportunity of bringing it to the notice of the Association, andthereby to that of the authorities. He rendered very valuable assistanceto the deputation last year by his whole-hearted co-operation. Wetender our condolences to Mr. Arathoon’s family.
Indian Opinion,
14-12-1907
2. VOLKSRUST CASES
The cases instituted in Volksrust against Mr. Mahomed Essakand other Indians deserve attention. Originally, it was the intention of the Government to frame the charge under the new law, but it lostnerve at the last moment and the case was brought up under the PeacePreservation Ordinance. Mr. Mahomed Essak having taken the lead,others too could follow. He has saved the honour of the Konkanis. Noone would now be justified in blaming the Konkanis. The magistratedischarged Mr. Mahomed Essak, holding that he was entitled underhis permit to reside in the Colony.These cases have brought out the courage of the people. It wasgood that no bail was offered. It was also good that those arrestedincluded people from all communities.This case reveals the extreme weakness of the Government. TheGovernment is demoralized. It does not know what to do. Itscondition is like that of an angry man who has started raving. It wouldbe to our advantage if there were still more cases like this.If the Government were really strong, it would arrest the peoplein the Transvaal who are opposing the law. That it is not able to do.Hence it is trying desperately to stop the people from coming fromoutside. The Government cannot but be defeated in such an attempt.For, there is a big loophole in the new law.[From Gujarati]
Indian Opinion,
14-12-1907
 
2
THE COLLECTED WORKS OF MAHATMA GANDHI
 
3. NATAL LICENSING ACT 
Under this Act, the Government has made new regulations whichinclude three remarkable sections. First, from now on the applicationfor a licence will have to be published in a newspaper. The officer willhave the right to take a thumb-impression on the application. Finally,one will have to pay £12.10.0 when making an appeal. All this is bad,but one must consider on what point relief is possible. It does notappear likely that the requirement to have the application published ina newspaper will be cancelled. There is such a law in the Cape. Takingof a thumb-impression is left to the discretion of the officer. This canbe interpreted to mean that those who can sign will not be required togive thumb-impressions. We cannot advise making any petition to theGovernment on either of these two points, for it will be useless to doso. The obligation to pay £12.10.0 is not a new thing. There is onlyone remedy against it: when anyone has an occasion to file an appeal,he must refuse to pay the sum and fight out the point. We believe thatthe fee is illegal; that is what the ruling of the court will probably be.The best course is to ignore the law and violate it. Wherever licencesare refused in large numbers, people must trade without licences,rather than think of disposing of their stocks. For all such ailments,passive resistance is the best cure.[From Gujarati]
Indian Opinion,
14-12-1907
4. LATE NAWAB MOHSIN-UL-MULK 
We have already reported
1
the news of the passing away of thisgentleman. In this issue, we give a brief sketch of his life. EveryIndian, especially every Muslim, should take a lesson from his servicesin the field of education. He placed education above politics. That wason the whole a realistic attitude, especially in his time. The communitycan derive the highest benefits from education provided that, alongwith it, the people acquire truthful conduct and moral life. Buteducation is a dangerous thing in the absence of lofty conduct andmorality. It can be compared to a creeper unable to climb without the
1
Not reproduced here
 
VOL. 8 : 14 DECEMBER, 1907 - 22 JULY, 1908
3support of a hedge. It is such education accompanied by moraltraining that everyone should receive; that is what we can learn fromthe life of the late Nawab.[From Gujarati]
Indian Opinion,
14-12-1907
 
5. GERMAN EAST AFRICA LINE 
A new spirit of self-respect and dignity is in the air these daysamong Indians. At such a time, the incident that has occurredinvolving Mr. Peeran Mahomed calls for notice. He asked for a firstclass ticket on a Europe-bound steamer belonging to the [GermanEast Africa] Line and it was refused to him. We think this was a highlyinsulting thing to do. It does not befit the German Company. TheCompany derives a big income from Indian passengers. Ignoring allthis, it refuses to issue a first-class ticket when demanded by an Indianpassenger. This ought to make us feel sorry for ourselves. They knowour ways. They insult us becausewe are not likely to do anythingabout it. They dare not do such a thing to a white passenger. Thereare three remedies for this to be adopted simultaneously:(1) A strong protest should be made to the Company.(2) Their agent, Mr. Osman Ahmad, should bring to the noticeof the Company the loss that it might suffer.(3) Passengers should be dissuaded from using the steamers of this Line.The third step is the best. The other two will have some effectonly if the third is taken. We have acquired new strength, whichshould be used on every occasion. It is not enough that we oppose theTransvaal law. That is to be treated only as a beginning.Look at the example of Japan. After coming into light, thatnation has been paying attention to its education, its trade and itshonour. We, too, should work for progress in every field.[From Gujarati]
Indian Opinion,
14-12-1907

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