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Table Of Contents

1.1) Introduction
1.3) Selection of System Components
1.4) Usefulness of Safety Systems in Indian Vehicles
2.1) Airbag System for Occupant Safety [4]
2.2) Configuration and Working of Airbag System[11]
Figure 2.4 Ball and Magnet System
Figure 2.5 Layout of sensors
Figure 2.6 Airbag control unit
Figure 2.7 Inflator
Figure 2.8 Block Diagram of Airbag
2.3.3) Side, Head and Knee Airbags[3]
Figure 2.10 Knee Airbag
Figure 2.11 Pedestrian Airbags
2.3.5) Sensors in Intelligent Airbag Systems[7]
Figure 2.12 Ultrasonic sensors
Figure 2.13 self Adapting vent
2.3.7) Emergency Response
Figure 2.14 Aspirated Inflator System
3.1) Introduction to Emissions from Automobiles(1)
3.1.3) Nitrogen
3.1.4) By-products of Combustion at λ=1
3.1.5) Effects of Emissions
3.2) Emission Norms for Automobiles[2]
3.2.1) Emission Norms in United States
3.2.2) European Standard of Emission from Automobiles
Figure 3.2 Euro Emission limits for Gasoline cars
3.2.3) Emission Regulations in Japan
3.2.4) Emission standards in India[10]
3.3) Technologies in Automobiles for Emission Control[2]
Figure 3.3 Evaporative Emission Control System
Figure 3.4 Positive Crankcase ventilation System Electronically Controlled Fuel Injection and Ignition System Secondary Air Injection Catalytic Converter[2] Lambda Sensors Based Closed Loop System[2]
3.4.1) Emission Control in Euro 4 Diesel vehicles Common Rail Direct Injection
Figure 3.7 CRDI System Multiple Injection
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Published by: Jiju Joseph Marikudiyil on Mar 05, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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