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deskripsi spesies botani tumbuhan tinggi

deskripsi spesies botani tumbuhan tinggi

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Published by Nur Rezki Octavia

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Published by: Nur Rezki Octavia on Mar 05, 2011
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1.
 
Areca cathecuKingdom:Plantae Phylum:Angiosperms class:Monocots (unranked):Commelinids Order:Arecales Family:Arecaceae Genus:
Areca
 Species:
A. catechu
Common name
Betel nut palm, pinang, bing lang, areca nut, bunga.
 
F
amily
Arecaceae (Palmae)
Overview
 
Size:
60 feet (20 meter) tall; trunk diameter is 8 - 12 inch (20 ± 30 cm).
Trunk:
solitary, slender and erect.
Origin:
Indonesia, but now also growing in Suriname.
Leaf:
up to 7' long, broad leaflets, the tips being jagged.
F
lower stalk:
whitish; sweet scented; from below the crown shaft on a branching spadix.
F
ruit:
orange-yellow when ripe, to 2.5 inch long (betel nuts). It has a fleshy pericarp and fibrousmesocarp.
Seed: Areca catechu
is grown for the important seed crop, the Betel nut.The nut itself is brown, oval and flattened at one end.The fruit flesh on the seed has psychoactive properties (stimulating effects) and in South-eastAsia is used as such by chewing on the fruit.It produces euphoria, heightened alertness, sweating, salivation, a hot sensation in the body andan increased capacity to work.The alkaloid arecoline found in the nut, accounts for these effects.However there may be undesirable side effects associated with chewing on the fruit such as anincrease in heart rate, blood pressure, sweating and body temperature.Betel chewing also increases plasma concentrations of norepinephrine and epinephrine.The Betelnut is also used as an offering in Hinduism.
IkhtisarUkuran: 60 kaki (20 meter) tinggi, diameter batang adalah 8-12 inci (20 - 30 cm).Batang: soliter, ramping dan tegak.Asal: Indonesia, tetapi sekarang juga berkembang di Suriname.Daun: sampai 7 'panjang, leaflet luas, ujung yang bergerigi.Bunga tangkai: keputihan, beraroma manis, dari bawah batang mahkota pada gagangpercabangan.Buah: oranye-kuning ketika masak, sampai 2,5 inci panjang (buah pinang). Memiliki pericarpberdaging dan mesocarp berserat.Biji: Areca catechu ditanam untuk tanaman bibit penting, kacang Sirih.
 
Kacang itu sendiri berwarna coklat, oval dan rata pada salah satu ujungnya.Daging buah biji memiliki sifat psikoaktif (efek stimulasi) dan di Asia Tenggara digunakan sebagaiseperti oleh mengunyah buah.Ini menghasilkan euforia, kewaspadaan tinggi, berkeringat, air liur, sensasi panas dalam tubuhdan peningkatan kemampuan kerja.The arecoline alkaloid yang ditemukan di mur, rekening untuk efek-efek.Namun mungkin ada efek samping yang tidak diinginkan terkait dengan mengunyah pada buahseperti peningkatan denyut jantung, tekanan darah, berkeringat dan suhu tubuh.Mengunyah sirih juga meningkatkan konsentrasi plasma dari norepinefrin dan epinefrin.The Betelnut juga digunakan sebagai korban dalam Hinduisme.2.
 
arenga piñata
Size:
Up to 60 feet (18 m)
Min. Temperature:
28°F (-2°C)
Water Requirements:
Regular water
Sun Requirements:
Full sun to light shade
 
O
rigin:
India, southeast Asia, Malaysia, Indonesia
Germination:
Easy germination in 2 to 6 weeks when fresh.
Leaf:
Pinnate, 20 to 25 leaves, very dark green top, silvery bottom, erect, up to 12 meters long.
Trunk:
Covered with black fibers and spines., 15 to 20 inches in diameter (40 to 50 cm).
Flower:
Showy yellow flowers. As most of the Caryotas and Arengas, after the tree finishesblooming, it dies. Flower stalk coming from among the leaves, much longer than the leaves.
Fruit:
purple. 1.5 inches in diameter (4 cm). round to oval, containing generally 3 seeds, takesover one year to ripen.Asal: India, Asia Tenggara, Malaysia, IndonesiaPerkecambahan: perkecambahan Mudah dalam 2 sampai 6 minggu jika segar.Daun: menyirip, 20-25 daun, atas hijau sangat gelap, bagian bawah keperakan, tegak, sampai 12meter.Batang: Diselimuti serat hitam dan duri., 15-20 inci dalam diameter (40-50 cm).Bunga: bunga kuning menyolok. Karena sebagian besar Caryotas dan Arengas, setelah pohonselesai mekar, mati. Tangkai bunga yang berasal dari antara daun, lebih lama daripada daun.Buah: ungu. 1,5 inci dengan diameter cm (4). bulat untuk oval, umumnya berisi 3 biji,mengambil lebih dari satu tahun sampai matang.Kingdom:Plantae (unranked):Angiosperms (unranked):Monocots (unranked):Commelinids Order:Arecales Family:Arecaceae Genus:
Arenga
 Species:
A. pinnata

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