The alternative fuels for aviation industry may also face several obstacles/problems, which include:
Lead time for fuel and additive development are long ~ 10 years.2. Airlines do not like aircraft that needs special fuel.
Little incentive to develop aircraft/engines running on special highperformance or alternative fuel.
Local alternative fuel potion common on ground transportation fuels onlyapplicable to general aviation.5. Hydrogen, the cleanest fuel, would require completely new aircraft andinfrastructure. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC) in its Report “Aviation andGlobal Atmosphere 1999 have reported the impact of emissions from civilaviation. This Report has also commented “Alternative fuels may appear environmentally friendly but technical problems occur in adapting the fuel tocurrent aircraft design and aviation infrastructure.”This report deals with the alternative aviation fuel options, biofuels in particular,and their role in future aviation industry and outline the R &D needs for thedevelopment of bio aviation fuels.
Alternative Aviation fuel options:
There are number of alternative fuel potions for aviation, these can be classifiedas follows:
Synthetic liquid fuels
– derived from coal, natural gas, or biomass. Itsometimes also refer to fuels derived from other solids such as shaleoil, tar sand, waste plastics etc.
Bio aviation fuels
– Fatty acid esters (biodiesel) derived fromagricultural or wild oil crops like soya, palm, jatropha, algae etc.
– methanol, ethanol
– obtained from fossil fuels such as petroleum, natural gasand coal, biomass, and water etc.