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PSY 191 Development Notes

PSY 191 Development Notes

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Published by Ali TekBoi
I got an 18 on this test (18/20 = 90% = A-)
I got an 18 on this test (18/20 = 90% = A-)

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Published by: Ali TekBoi on Nov 17, 2007
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Ali KilincScribd.com/people/view/6555-Ali-TekBoi 11/15/2007
Development Chapters’ Notes
Definition of Development
Interested in any and all behavior growth or change over the entire lifespan
o
When does it begin? When does it end?
o
How long does it last?
Females lifespan ≈ 90 years
Males lifespan <70<80 years
Life Stages
Development begins at contraception
 Two sex cells – each of which contains 23 chromosomes, totaling 46 (onlycells in the entire human body which only contains ½ the chromosomes)
 Two genes – one from father, one from motherGenes:A.Dominant Gene – Only one is necessary to exhibit characteristicB.Recessive Gene – Both of the paired genes must be present to exhibitcharacteristicC.Polygenic Gene – Numerous genes are required to exhibit acharacteristic
Birth Defects
Genetic Defect: When something goes wrong in the
genetic structure
 Trismy 47 [47
th
chromosome] (Down Syndrome)
 Two different eye colorsCongenital Defect: When something goes wrong in the
uterine
 
area
Possible causes:
Smoking during pregnancy
pre-mature baby
Drinking during pregnancy
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: mild retardation1
 
Ali KilincScribd.com/people/view/6555-Ali-TekBoi 11/15/2007**
Teratogen
: Any influences in the environment that could have a potential effecton the fetus **
Infancy to Early Childhood
Birth to age 6
Development of a new babyCont. Tips for pregnant woman:
Eat healthy foods
Don’t “eat for two” eat thinking about the nutrition for two
Exercise frequently; don’t exercise rigorously
Get a good OBGYN doctor**
TRUST
: Most important factor in development **
Tasks
Readiness
– the point in physical maturity at which the child is capable of achieving a task
Sensitivity Period
– A period of time when the training of a skill is bestapplicable, occurs after signs of readiness | Average age of potty training: 21months |
Trust
:[A]When the baby informs you that they have a need[B]The main care-giver (you) take care of that need[C]Baby will eventually trust you
Independence –
A behavior that should be reinforced and highly encouraged
Development of Initiative –
When the baby has the ability to initiatetasks by him/herself; able to do things alone
**
ALWAYS purchase toys for your child that absolutelyDEMAND imagination; don’t but toys that only encourageor provoke it **2
 
Ali KilincScribd.com/people/view/6555-Ali-TekBoi 11/15/2007
Childhood
 Ages 7 to 12
In general, when a child enters this phase, they also enter school
o
Homeschooled children tend to be socially retarded people
 Time when child sees other people equal to him in his environment
o
Many new influences
o
Parents must be aware of these new influences
Tasks
Industry
(
productivity
): When a child is expected to perform certain tasksto a certain criteria
o
A behavior that should be reinforced and highly encouraged
o
Very important to develop this behavior in childhood
Adolescence
 Ages 13 to 17
Also known as “Teen Years” – Could also be known as task phase
Tasks
Identity Development
: Knowing who you are
o
Identity is usually developed by the parents
o
 The development of 
self-confidence
is very important in this phase
Physical Development
: Refers to growth of the body
o
Asynchronous Growth: when parts of the body grow unevenly fromeach other
Physiological Development
: The change of an organism that is incapablefrom re-producing to an organism that IS CAPABLE
o
65%
Of all women are known to have a negative perception of theirsexuality3

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