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The Roman Catholic Mass

The Roman Catholic Mass

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Published by Nobody Important
Dr. James R. White compares Roman Catholicism's Mass with Biblical worship.
Dr. James R. White compares Roman Catholicism's Mass with Biblical worship.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Nobody Important on Mar 07, 2011
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06/03/2013

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11
WHATOFTHE
MASS?
White,
lR.
(1996),
"TheRomanCatholicControversy".
Minneapolis,MN,BethanyHouse,Chapter11.
JohnO'Brien,
in
hispopularwork
TheFaull
0/
A,Ill/ions,
wrote
the
folk~\ving:
\\i'henthepriestannouncesthetremendouswordsofcon-
sccranon,
hereachesupintothe
heavens
bringsChristdownfromHlSthrone,andplacesHimuponouraltar
to
beofferedupagainasthe
Vict
imforthe
SlT1S
ofman,
IL
isapowergreaterthanthatofsaintsandangels,greaterthanthatofScraphllllandCherubim.lndccdit
IS
greatereventhanthe
power
oftheVirgin1\1ar}'.\VhiletheBlessedVirgmwasthehumanagency
by
whichChristbecameincarnateaslllglctime,thepriesthringsChristdownfromheaven,andrendersHimpresentonouraltarasthectcr-nal
Victim
forthe
SlTlS
ofman-notoncebutathousandtimes!Thepries!speaksandlo'
Christ
theeternalandomnipotentGod,bowshisheadinhumbleobedience
III
thepriest'scom-mand.OfwhatsublimedignityistheofficeoftheChristianpriestwhoisthusprivllegedtoactastheambassadorandthevice-gerentofChristonean
h:
Hecoru.nucstheessentialministryofChrist:heteachesthe
Iai
t
h
f
ul
wi
I
h
t
heaLIIhorit
y
ofChnst,hepardonsthepenitentsinnerwiththepowerofChrist,heoffersupagainthesamesacrificeofadorationandatonementwiuchChristofferedonCalvaryNowonderthatthenamewhichspir-itualwritersareespeciallyfondofapplyingtothepriestisthatof
a/tel'
ChriS/US.
Forthepriestisandshouldbe
anothCl
Chris),
i
 
lh2
I
THER(l\L\"CATHOLIC
e(l"
IRC)\"[RSY
To
Protestantears,thereare
d
i
sturb
i
ru;
d5"crllonsinthese
COlll,
ments\Vhal
of
CYBnen'sallegationthatChristisofferedasasacnlin'uponthePomanaltar;'\VhatofhisstatementthatChrist,theunl-
ru
potent
Cod,
bowsHISheadin"humbleobedience
to
theprlesl>COlTl111and"andcomesdovvnIn'111hcavcntobeofferedagainandagilininsacrifice)
15
O'Briensimplyguingbeyond\vhatisrealh'taughtbyRomanCathol1CIsm
7
The:
Co
uncil
of
TrentmetinitsthirteenthsessioninOctober
u!
1551
andpromulgatedadecreeconcerning"theMost110lySacra,mcntoftheEurh
ari
st."
At
theendofthedecreewasalistofcano
n-..
provid
i
ngnnathcmasforthose
wn
owouldrejecttheCounCll"steach-ing,Sincethesecanonsoftenprovideshort,succinetdefinition"u!Rom,U1
t
e
achtrig.
weshalllistsomeof
t
hemsothatthepositiun
t
akcnbvTrentontheissueoftheFucharist-spccillcally,in
t
hissectll'll,ontheconceptof"transubst"ntiatlon"-canbeclearlyunderstood:(Call{'n
1)
1
f
anyonedenies
t
hatinthesacran1entofthemostHolvLucharist
i1IT'
coru.aincd
t
rulv,real"andsubstamrallvthebod~'andbloodIc'gelherwiththe'soul
a;'d
divinityofour'LordJesu'sChr'is
t
andconsequentlythe
",'hole
Chrisl,hutsaysthatlIeisinitunl),asinasign,orfigureorfc'rce,letrurnbeanath-erna(Canon
21
If
anyunesaysthatinthesacredandholysac-ramentoftheEurn.uistthesubstanceofthebreadandxvr
ru:
remainsconj<lilltly,,'nhthehod),andhlocKj
of
ourLordJesusChrist,nrrddcniesthatwonderfulandsingularchangeofthewhole5uhsLlTlCeofthebreadintotheh"dyandthewholesub-
stance
of
I
he
Wine
uuo
t
heblood,
t
he
appearances
onlyof
brcld
andwineremaming.
wh
rchchangetheCathcl
i..
Churchrriostaptlycallstransuhstcll1ti:uion,leth
i
mheanathcl11a,(Canon
8)
If
.i
nvoncsavsthatChristf"Cccln'dintheLucha-r
i
stis-receivedspt(\lually;)nl1'andnotalsosacrarnt:ntal1>andreally,leth
i
rnheauatbcrnaElevenyearslater,In
1562,
then,Vcnty-secc)ndsession\vasl1l'lcIT'h
i
sti111ethedecreeprorriulg.r.cd"vasentitled"DoctrineCnncernin:,-theSacnficeofthe
\la55,"
ThesecondchapterofthiSdecree
S'l\~,
AndinasmuchasintblSd
ivi
rre-saenficc\vhiehiscdehratedinthemasslScon
t
a
i
rieciandimmolatedInanunblood
y
mannerthesameChristwhoonceofferedHrrnsel
f
i
nabloodymanncr
\\'I
!
ATl)
r-
T
ii
r,
\L\;;S
0
onthcaltarofthe
CfOSS
the
h
olvcoun
ci]
teachesthatthisIStruly
pro
pui.ucr
y
andhasthl5effen,thatif
we
coru
rne
a
ndpenitent,
wit
hsincereheartandupr
i
gh
t
faith,
wit
l:fearandrev-
e
rencc,
d
rawllIghtll
Cod,
\\T
o
bta
i
n
mercy
andfindgrace
i
nseasl1nahlcaidFor,appeased
by
thiSsacrifice,theLordgrants
the
graceandgilt
ofpc
nnence
andparcioris
eventhegra\TSIcrimes
and
Slns,
Fo
rthe
vn
t
i
m
ISoneand
the
<a
rne,the
sank
nowofiering
hy
the
rn
i
n
i
strv
of
pricsts
wh
othen
offe
rcciHimselfonthecross,thernanncraloneofofferingheingd
ilfc
rcmTheIr
u.it
softhatbk10dysacrif]ce
It
is
wellurrderstood,arcrecei\'Ccimostabundantlythroughthisunblooclvonc.sofaris
t
hcl.utcrfromderogatingInanywayfromthe'former,\Vhercfnre,ac-cording
t
othc
t
rud
it
i
ori
(If
the
.vpo
stles,itisrightlyofferednotonlyforthesins,punisomcnts,sCltTsfactTonsandotherneces-sitiesofthefaithful
wh
oarcli,·ing.hutalsoforthosedcparte-dinChrist
bUI>1<'1
yet
Ild/v
1)[j/'i(I,'d
(emphas
i
sadded)Againalistofcanonsarefound
at
theendofthedecree.andsomeofthemreadasfollows:(Canon11Ifan
yo
nesays
t
hatinthemassatrue'andrealsacrtficeisnot,)fTereci
t
oCeld:orthattoheofferedISrroth
i
n
j;
elsethanthatChristisgi\'entoustoeat,leth
i
mbeanathema,(Canon2)
If
anyonesays
t
hathy
i
howords,
Tio
tlll:i
I""
u
remcmiJrcmC'l'
ofme,
Christdidnotinstitutethe,\p"stksprrests:ordidnotordainthat
t
hcvandothcrpriestsshouldo
ile
rHisOwnbodyandblood,leth
i
mheanruhcrna(Canon
'»)
I
f
anyone
5,)5
thatthesacnficeo
f
themass
IS
(lnconlyofprruseandthanksgl\'lng:orthatitIS
,1
merecornmern-orationofthesacrificeconsnmmate-rlonthecrosshutnotapro-
pu.iat
or
y
onr:
Dr
t
h.uitprohtsl
i
i
monly
wh
orccei\'Cs,aridoughtnottobe()fleredlot,theII\'lngandrhcdead,forsins,puriish-rnems,<a
t
i
sfactionsandolherneccssuics.lethimbean.uhrma(Canon
-l)
II
arivo
nc
says
thatb\'thes'll'riliccofthemassablasphemyiscasl
Upl)n
the111e'SIhul)sacrifice
or
Christcon-summated
On
thecross;or
i
hatthe
Io
rmerderogatesfromthelatter,lethimhean.nhcrna(Canon
5)
If
anvonesa\srhat
It
isadcccpt
i
ontocelebrette'rnassesinhonor
ci
the
5<1,;1\5
andinordr-r
t
oob
i
a
i
n
t
hc
i
rin-tercessionwithGod,astheChurch.rncr.cls,leth
i
mheanaih-erna.
(Carirvn6)
Ifanyonesays
t
hat
t
hccanono
lt
hcmasscontains
 
164I
TilEROMAI'CATHOLlCCOKTROVER5Y
errorsand
IS
therefore
LO
beabrogated,lethimbeanathema.
We
maysummarizetheteachingsoftheRomanCatholicChurchontheMassIromtheCouricilofTrentasfollows:
(1)
JesusChrist
15
truly,really,andsubstantiallypresentintheSacramentoftheEuchanstfollowingthewordsofconse-cration..h
-h
Ib-(2)TrarisubstantiarionInvolvesthechange
ofi
e
w
0
esustanceofthebreadintothesubstanceofthebodyofChnst,and
the
changeofthewholesubstanceofthe
wr
rieintothesub-stanceofthebloodofChrist..'3)SinceChristissaidtobereallypresent
In
theEucharist,the~lementsthemselves,followingconsecration,areworthyofworship.".."(4)TheSacrificeoftheMassisproperlycalledpropitiatorymthatitbringsaboutpardonof
Sin.
(5)Inthe
i
nst
it
u
t
i
onoftheMassattheLord'sSupper,.ChristofferedHisownbodyandbloodtotherather
to
thesIgnsofthebreadandwine,and
In
sodoingordainedtheApostlesaspriestsoftheNewTestament..(6)TheSacrificeoftheMassisproperlyofferedfor
siris,
punishments,satisfactioris,andothernccessmes.notonlyforthelivingbutforthedeadaswell.
(7)
Finally,anyonewhodeniesthetruthfulnessofany
01
theseproclamationsISundertheanathemaofGod.
If
someoneasksifthisisstilltheteachingoftheChurch,aqUIckreviewofthenew
CatechismoftheCatholicChurch
willmake
i
t
quiteIinthatindeedTrent'steachingsremamtheofficial,dogmatlcpo-pa
r
.1.para-
,..f
theRomanCatholicChurch.
Vv
h
i
eascarcerurie
suion
0.'
f
ficat
i
2
full
graphsarededicatedtothespec
ifir:
subject
0
justicanon,a
'1
eighty-fourarededica
t
edtotheEucharist,notincludingfourtecrsurnrnar
y
paragraphs.
1
Trentis.mentionedbyname,quote~asa~~:
t
horitative,anditsdoctrinesplamlypresentedastheChurchsteacirig.Asanexample,Icrteonlyoneparagraphfromthe
Catechism.
1367
ThesacrificeofChristandthesacnficeoftheEucharistare
one
single
sacnfice:
"Thevrcr
irn
isoneandthesame:thesamenowoffersthroughtheministryofpriests,whothenoffere~himselfonthecross;onlythemannerofoffenngISdlfferen~."Inthisdivir.esacrtficewhichiscelebratedintheMass,
t
e
\\11".[()I'
THE\IA5S'
I165
sameChristwhoofferedh
irnsc
lfonce
t
ri
abloudymanner
On
thealtarofthecross
IS
containedand
IS
offeredinanunhloody
mariner."
BothquotationsaredirectlyfromtheCouncilofTrentandarethemostmodernexprcssronof
olfici(d
RomanCatholicdoctririe.
The
Mass
andthe
Gospel
OnecouldfillanentirebookwithargumentsconcerningtheteachingsofRomeconcermngtheMass.Ourconcernhere,however,is
to
dealonly
wit
hthoseIssuesthatarerelevanttoourexaminationoftheGospelmessage.The"lassisobviouslycentraltoRome'svie
w
ofsalva
t
i
onAsthe
Catcrhisrn
saysinquotingVaticanII:AsoftenasthesacrificeoftheCr(lSS
by
wh
ich
"ChristourPaschhasbeensacrificed'·
lS
celebratedonthealtartheworkofourre
cle
mp
t
i
oniscarnedout.'Thereforewemust,ifonlybrieOy,considersomeofthemainissuesraisedbytheteachingswehaveJustexaminedTherearetwoInaJorareasthatI
wi
shtofocusourattentionon.First,theideathattheEuchanstinvolves
tlansubstantiation,
thatIS,thatthewaferandthewinearechangedbythepowerofGodintotheactualfleshandbloodofJesusChristNoonedeniestheab
i
l
it
y
ofGod
to
dosuchathlOg,ifHerevealedthatHedesiredtodoso.NoonedeniesthatChnstIStrulypresentintheLord'sSupperjustasHeistrulypresentwithbelieversonadallybaSISHepromisedtobe
wit
h
HIS
Churchuntiltheendoftheage,andwebelievethatHeiswithus\VeacceptthatChristtrulyencountersusintheLord'sSupper,andthatthrsisaspecwltimeofcornrnun
i
onwiththeLord.ButChristcanbewithustrulyandreallywithouttransubstantiatIOnofbreadandwmeintofleshandhlo
od
Inournext
section
weseethat
t
hrsbeliefhasnosolirlfoundation
In
the\VordofGod.ThesecondaspectoftheRomandoctnneoftheEucharistwe
will
exploreisthattheMassISviewedasaprop
i
t
iatorvsacrifice,RomanCathol.cismteachesthatwhenChristISofferedupontheal-tar
by
thepriest,thisisatrulypropitiatorysacrifice,foritisthesamesacrificeasthatortheCross."However.atthesametime,
It
mustbePOintedoutthatRomeadmitsthatthe
ciicct-.
ofthispropiuatorysac-

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