have done, in brief, is to determine the properties that space and time must necessarilypossess in a universe
composed entirely of motion,
and to express them in the form of aset of postulates. I have then shown that development of the consequences of thesepostulates by logical and mathematical processes, without making any furtherassumptions or introducing anything from experience, defines, in detail, a completetheoretical universe that coincides in all respects with the observed physical universe.Nothing of this nature has ever been developed before. No previous theory has comeanywhere near covering the full range of phenomena accessible to observation withexisting facilities, to say nothing of dealing with the currently inaccessible, and as yetobservationally unknown, phenomena that must also come within the scope of a completetheory of the universe. Conventional scientific theories accept certain features of theobserved physical universe as given, and then make assumptions on which to baseconclusions as to the properties of these observed phenomena: The new theoreticalsystem, on the other hand, has no empirical content. It bases a11 of its conclusions solelyon the postulated properties
of space and time.
The theoretical deductions from thesepostulates provide for the
of the various physical entities and phenomena-matter, radiation, electrical and magnetic phenomena, gravitation, etc.-as well asestablishing the
between these entities. Since all conclusions are derived fromthe same premises, the theoretical system is a completely integrated structure, contrastingsharply with the currently accepted body of physical theory, which, as described by
Richard Feynman, is ―a multitude of different parts and pieces that do not
The last twenty years have added a time dimension to this already unique situation. Theacid test of any theory is whether it is still tenable after the empirical knowledge of thesubject is enlarged by new discoveries. As Harlow Shapley once pointed out, facts are theprinciple enemies of theories. Few theories that attempt to cover any more than a severelylimited field are able to survive the relentless march of discovery for very long withoutmajor changes or complete reconstruction. But no substantive changes have been made inthe postulates of this new system of theory in the nearly twenty years since the originalpublication, years in which tremendous strides have been made in the enlargement of empirical knowledge in many physical areas. Because the postulates and whatever can bederived from them by logical and mathematical processes, without introducing anythingfrom observation or other external sources, constitute the
system of theory, thisabsence of substantive change in the postulates means that there has been no changeanywhere in the theoretical structure.It has been necessary, of course,
the theory by developing more of the details,in order to account for some of the new discoveries, but in most cases the nature of therequired extension was practically obvious as soon as the new phenomena orrelationships were identified. Indeed, some of the new discoveries, such as the existenceof exploding galaxies and the general nature of the products thereof, were actuallyanticipated in the first published description of the theory, along with many phenomenaand relations that are still awaiting empirical verification. Thus the new theoreticalsystem is
observation and experiment in a number of significant respects.