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Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-VOL011

Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-VOL011

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Published by tij15
This are the volumes form the revised - erroneous - version of the CWMG as published on the CD-Rom "Mahatma Gandhi - Interactive Multimedia - Electronic Book" in 1999. Page and volume nos. are not identical with the original print version of the 1960's-1990's. The content of this CWMG version is to be credited as "The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (Electronic Book), New Delhi, Publications Division Government of India, 1999, 98 volumes"
Vol 011-April 11, 1910 - July 12, 1911
This are the volumes form the revised - erroneous - version of the CWMG as published on the CD-Rom "Mahatma Gandhi - Interactive Multimedia - Electronic Book" in 1999. Page and volume nos. are not identical with the original print version of the 1960's-1990's. The content of this CWMG version is to be credited as "The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (Electronic Book), New Delhi, Publications Division Government of India, 1999, 98 volumes"
Vol 011-April 11, 1910 - July 12, 1911

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Published by: tij15 on Mar 07, 2011
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03/08/2013

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VOL. 11 : 11 APRIL, 1910 - 12 JULY, 1911
1
1. JOHANNESBURG
Monday
[
April 11, 1910
]
S
ENT TO
D
ELAGOA
B
AY
Mr. Achary and 37 other satyagrahis were sent from Pretoria toDelagoa Bay on Saturday. Six of them were certainly not satyagrahis.I cannot say whether they have become so by now. All of them whobear Tamil names are satyagrahis. Thus, the Tamils have been keepingthe flag of satyagraha flying. I have given the Tamil names in theEnglish section
1
and therefore do not give them here.
S
HIPS
R
EFUSE
I reported in the English section
2
last week that some ships hadrefused to carry those persons who have been deported. I cannot sayhow far the report is true. But it appears that they have failed to get aship so far. If India exerts sufficient pressure, no ship will dare carrythe deportees. There is strong reason to believe that those who havebeen deported this time will rouse the whole of India to protest.
C
HETTIAR
3
[He] was today ordered to be deported and was taken to gaol.Mr. Chettiar is about 55 years of age. He suffers from a chronicailment, and yet he is facing deportation with the utmost courage. Heis to be deported to Natal, from where he will return immediately.
O
THER
A
RRESTS
Mr. Chinan Diala
4
and Selmar Pillay were arrested and they, too,have been ordered to be deported.
1
Vide
“From ‘Transvaal Notes’ ”, 12-4-1910
2
Vide
“From ‘Transvaal Notes’ ”, 4-4-1910
3
V. A. Chettiar, respected old Chairman of the Tamil Benefit Society, whohad been arrested on April 5.
Vide
“Transvaal Notes”,
Indian Opinion
, 9-4-1910.
4
Vide
, however, “Transvaal Notes”,
Indian Opinion
, 16-4-1910, where thename given is Anandi Alvar.
 
2
THE COLLECTED WORKS OF MAHATMA GANDHI
K
ARODIA
The case against the two Karodias
1
has been withdrawn. One of them was charged with using a false permit and the other with makinga false affidavit.The police had spared no pains in preparing for this case. Theyhad called the Immigration Officer at Durban, Mr. Moosa HajeeAdam and others as witnesses; however, the case was withdrawn at thelast moment.The fact is that some Indians, out of spite, had made an affidavitand also induced someone else to make another against the twobrothers. Later they felt sorry for what they had done. They found itvery difficult to prove, their statements, for there was ample evidenceto show that Mr. Karodia had lived in Johannesburg before the War. Ithink the Government withdrew the cases in order to protect thepersons who had given the affidavits.Mr. Karodia does not intend to leave the matter here, but willapproach the Attorney General for relief in order to make an exampleof the men concerned and prevent similar things from happening toother prominent persons.
W
HETHER
C
OLOURED
P
ERSONS
C
AN
S
TAY
In Johannesburg, many title-deeds contain a provision to theeffect that the landowners cannot permit Asiatics or Coloured personsother than servants to stay on their lands. This is so in Norwood [also].A certain white bought a stand there. Later, he discovered that atseveral places there were Coloured persons staying. He filed a suitagainst the company to have his tite-deed nullified on this ground.The magistrate decided against the company. The case was takenhigher up. The Supreme Court has now ruled that, notwithstanding theprovision in the title-deeds, the company cannot be held responsible.The owner of a stand can, if he chooses, file a suit against any personwho permits Coloured persons to stay [on the stand]. Accordingly, theColoureds will stay where they are, for the present at least. We mustnow wait till there is another suit; its outcome is anybody’s guess. Thesaying, “having survived a moment of danger, we may live to be ahundred years”, might come true in this case.
1
Messrs Karodia Brothers, well-known Indian merchants of Johannesburg;
vide
“Letter to Attorney General”, 14-4-1910
 
VOL. 11 : 11 APRIL, 1910 - 12 JULY, 1911
3
L
ORD
S
ELBORNE
The miners gave a dinner to Lord Selborne. Speaking on theoccasion, he gave a warning to the whites that, if they were not carefuland persisted in their unjust treatment of the Cape Coloureds, theconsequences would be unhappy. Men would arise from among themwho would becomeleaders of the Kaffirs. Lord Selborne thought thatthis was the biggest problem facing South Africa.These views call for some comment. It does not appear that insaying this Lord Selborne was actuated by concern for the welfare of the Coloured people; he said it only because he feared the emergenceof a leader from among them. Their sincere well-wishers, however,should welcome the rise of such leadersthe more the betterandencourage them.
R
AILWAY
R
EGULATIONS
The General Manager, the Assistant Manager, Mr. Bell, Mr. Cac-halia and Mr. Gandhi met today. After a discussion lasting nearly anhour and a half, the draft which the Association had forwarded wasaccepted with some modifications.
1
The General Manager stated thathe would recommend to the Railway Board the withdrawal of the Reg-ulations which had been promulgated and that [new] regulationswould be framed in terms of the draft as approved by him. Accordingto the draft-agreement, there will be no discrimination in law on thegro-und of colour. The existing provision that Indians can travel onlyin the third class will be deleted and the former position will berestored.
C
AUTION TO
I
NDIANS
This will be a welcome change, no doubt. That it has comeabout shows that the Indian community is not to be trifled with. Butthe Indian community’s responsibility will also increase. There will, of course, be no difficulty if we bear ourselves with dignity; should we,however, forget ourselves, difficulties will certainly arise anddiscriminatory regulations will be introduced.
S
HOP
H
OURS
R
EGULATIONS
These Regulations are again to be modified. The most importantchange will be that European hotels will be allowed to remain open up
1
Vide
Appendix “Letter from General Manager, C.S.A.R., to Gandhiji”,11-4-1910.

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