1. Visualize your image
Know what you want in your image before taking it. Composition is not luck or chance. You don¶t shoot agreat photo by chance. By considering what you want in your image and placing it according to the rulesyou¶ll be able to repeat great images all the time.
2. Choose the right subject matter
When visualizing a scene there are always several possibilities for a subject and related elements in thephotos. By choosing the right subject for a particular image you will create the perfect image. The rightsubject for the right scene will create the right photo.
3. Choose the right focal point
It is essential when choosing a subject to place it on a focal point that will create interest in the image.This is the area that draws the eye of the viewer into the photograph. This focuses the eye on the part of the photo you want to emphasize. There may be several possibilities but choosing the right one will createthe best possible image.
4. Choosing the best format
Most photos are shot in landscape or horizontal format but try turning the camera to see a portrait formatcould work better. In between the two is a 45 degree angle which makes an image dynamic with thediagonal lines created by the tilted view."A Single Leaf" captured by Colby Johnson
5. Watch the background