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Assignment Hinduism Paper

Assignment Hinduism Paper

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Running head: ASSIGNMENT: HINDUISM PAPER1Assignment: Hinduism Paper Tiffany Nicole Cooper University of PhoenixHUM/130Kristofer AtkinsonJune 25, 2010
 
Assignment: Hinduism Paper There are three prominent philosophical systems of Hinduism. These threesystems include; Samkhya, Advaita Vedanta, and Yoga. Each of these three prominent philosophical systems of Hinduism all has three things in common:1.Each of them have deep roots in the Vedas (Sacred Hindu texts), and other scriptures, and they also in direct and personal experiences of what they think to be the truth through meditation.2.Each of them holds ethics to be a main factor to an orderly social life. Theyascribe any type of suffering to the law of 
 Karma,
and in its own way suggestmore motivation towards using more ethical behavior.3.They all hold that the ultimate cause of suffering is a person’s lack of knowledge of the Self. (In their beliefs, the Self, should be all-knowing, all- powerful, all-pervading, perfect, and eternal.)
Samkhya
 Samkhya is the thought to be the oldest of the orthodox philosophical systems inIndia. Samkhya claims that everything in reality stems from
 purusha
(soul) and
 prakriti
 (matter, creative agency or energy). According to Wapedia (2010) “There are manyliving souls and they posses’ consciousness.
 Prakriti
consists of three dispositions knownas qualities (
 gunas
): activity (
rajas
) inactivity (
tamas
) and steadiness (
 sattva
) whicharises when the other two
 gunas
are held in equilibrium. Because of the intertwinedrelationship between the soul and these dispositions, an imbalance in disposition causesthe world to evolve. Liberation of the soul happens when it realizes that it is above and
 
 beyond these three dispositions. “A
dualistic
understanding of life is crucial, according to this system, if a person isto distinguish the definitive inspirational reality of Purusha from the temporalappearances of Prakriti, which bring us happiness but also unhappiness and apparition.Samkhya is a dualistic philosophy, but there is a difference between what Samkhya believes and what other forms of dualism believe. In the West, dualism is believed to be between the mind, and the body, when it comes to Samkhya, it is between the soul andmatter. Originally, Samkhya was not theistic, but in confluence with Yoga it developed atheistic variant.
Yoga
Yoga refers to traditional physical and mental disciplines originating all the way back to India. Yoga is a meditative way to clear the mind and support a state of serenity,detached awareness. When a person achieves this desired state of balance, purity,wisdom, and peacefulness of the mind, this is described as
 sattvic.
According to Fisher (2005) [The practices for increasing
 sattvic
qualities are known collectively as yoga. Itmeans “yoke” or “union”—referring to union with the true Self, the goal described in the
Upanishads
.]There are four basic types of yoga. For people who like to meditate, there is
raja yoga,
the pat of mental concentration. Fisher (2005) stated, “[For For rational people,there is
 jnana yoga
, the path of rational inquiry. For naturally active people, there is
karma yoga
, the path of right action. For emotional people, there is
bhakti yoga
, the pathof devotion. ]” (p. 77).
Advaita Vedanta

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