(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,
The block diagram for pectoral muscle segmentation isshown in Fig. 1. Short description of each block is given.Mammogram input
Figure 1: Steps carried out for pectoral muscle segmentation.
Breast Border Detection
We explored a new technique for breast regionsegmentation using morphological and filtering techniques.The steps followed to detect the breast border involves: -Removal of noise by median filter, Artifacts removal bymorphological operation, Edge detection using Sobel method,filtering, finding the perimeter of the binarized image and thusdetect the breast border.
Removal of Noise
Median filter is used to remove the noise. It is thenonlinear filter used to remove the impulsive noise from animage. Median filter is a spatial filtering operation. In theproposed median filter output pixel contains the median valuein the 3X3 neighborhood around the corresponding pixel inthe input image.
The original mammogram is opened by using a suitablestructuring element. After the opening of mammogram it isreconstructed. Next step is to threshold the difference imagewith 102, which is experimentally obtained. Finallymorphological operators are applied to smooth irregularitiesand expand region. Fig. 2 shows the results of these steps onMIAS image mdb003.(a) (b)
Figure 2: Results for MIAS image mdb003 (a). Original image; (b). Artifactsremoved in the mdb003
Edge Detection and Filtering Techniques
This step uses the Sobel edge detector followed bydithering and 2-D order statistic filtering. The Sobel methodfinds edges using the Sobel approximation to the derivative.Edge detection is followed by dithering. A logical ORoperation is done on dithered and edge detected image. A 2-Dorder static filtering is applied on the image obtained as aresult of the previous steps. The result for mdb003 is shown inFig. 3 after applying these steps.(a) (b) (c)
Figure 3: Results for MIAS image mdb003 (a). Edge detection; (b). Dithering; (c). 2-D statistic filtering
Multidimensional image filtering
This step removes the noises using a multidimensionalimage filtering. A rotationally symmetric Gaussian low passfilter filters the image. After that the image is converted tobinary image and erosion is carried out. Fig. 4 shows theresults for MIAS image mdb003 after applying these steps.
Figure 4: Results for MIAS image mdb003
Find perimeter pixels in binary image and superimpose on theoriginal image
Finally the perimeter pixels in binary image are found.This perimeter is the boundary of the breast image. Fig. 5Mammogram with Pectoral Muscle SegmentationLocate the Region Containing the Pectoral MuscleBreast Border DetectionWavelet Decomposition
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