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Improving Cathodic Protection System using SMS-based Notification

Improving Cathodic Protection System using SMS-based Notification

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Published by ijcsis
Mobile service has produced significant impact in various industries. It has also gained growing demands for not only in telecommunication sector, but also numerous other sectors such as banking, business, entertainment, education and many others. The objective of this paper is to present yet another mobile system development to enhance current cathodic protection (CP) system. The developed system is able to send notification to technicians via SMS if there is any fault occurs in gas pipeline. The system has been developed in three-tier architecture and tested with functional testing. It is connected with CP system which functions to monitor CP measurements upon gas pipeline. If there is any fault detected by CP system, it will send instruction to the developed system, which will then invoke SMS notification delivery to technicians. The system has successfully been developed and believed can improve current CP system that requires human to manually perform the monitoring process. This study implies effectiveness and time saving as responsible personnel or technicians will be notified of any faults anytime and anywhere through mobile phones. For future work, it is recommended that the system will also be equipped with proactive notification delivery in which technicians will be notified if any faults are expected to occur.
Mobile service has produced significant impact in various industries. It has also gained growing demands for not only in telecommunication sector, but also numerous other sectors such as banking, business, entertainment, education and many others. The objective of this paper is to present yet another mobile system development to enhance current cathodic protection (CP) system. The developed system is able to send notification to technicians via SMS if there is any fault occurs in gas pipeline. The system has been developed in three-tier architecture and tested with functional testing. It is connected with CP system which functions to monitor CP measurements upon gas pipeline. If there is any fault detected by CP system, it will send instruction to the developed system, which will then invoke SMS notification delivery to technicians. The system has successfully been developed and believed can improve current CP system that requires human to manually perform the monitoring process. This study implies effectiveness and time saving as responsible personnel or technicians will be notified of any faults anytime and anywhere through mobile phones. For future work, it is recommended that the system will also be equipped with proactive notification delivery in which technicians will be notified if any faults are expected to occur.

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Published by: ijcsis on Mar 08, 2011
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(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 2, 2011
Improving Cathodic Protection System usingSMS-based Notification
Mohd Hilmi Hasan
Computer and Information Sciences DepartmentUniversiti Teknologi PETRONASBandar Seri Iskandar, Tronoh, Malaysiamhilmi_hasan@petronas.com.my
Nur Hanis Abdul Hamid
Computer and Information Sciences DepartmentUniversiti Teknologi PETRONASBandar Seri Iskandar, Tronoh, Malaysia 
Abstract
 
Mobile service has produced significant impact invarious industries. It has also gained growing demands for notonly in telecommunication sector, but also numerous othersectors such as banking, business, entertainment, education andmany others. The objective of this paper is to present yet anothermobile system development to enhance current cathodicprotection (CP) system. The developed system is able to sendnotification to technicians via SMS if there is any fault occurs ingas pipeline. The system has been developed in three-tierarchitecture and tested with functional testing. It is connectedwith CP system which functions to monitor CP measurementsupon gas pipeline. If there is any fault detected by CP system, itwill send instruction to the developed system, which will theninvoke SMS notification delivery to technicians. The system hassuccessfully been developed and believed can improve current CPsystem that requires human to manually perform the monitoringprocess. This study implies effectiveness and time saving asresponsible personnel or technicians will be notified of any faultsanytime and anywhere through mobile phones. For future work,it is recommended that the system will also be equipped withproactive notification delivery in which technicians will benotified if any faults are expected to occur.
Keywords-SMS;notification system; SMS-based system;cathodic protection
I.
 
I
NTRODUCTION
 The explosion in development of mobile applications andservices has given a significant impact to the mobile phoneindustry. This industry has gained growing demands innumerous sectors such as business [1], banking [2] and gaming[3]. It is reported that in May 2010 alone, there were 92countries generated over ten million mobile advertisementrequests [4]. Benefits gained from mobile services are not onlymeant for customers but for service providers too. It provides abroad range of business opportunities to service providers withpotential streams of revenue. It is forecasted that mobileservices such as m-commerce will gain more significantgrowth globally in future [5]. The main factor of this greatacceptance towards mobile service is believed to be its anytimeand anywhere accessibility. Besides, another factor that plays a
big role is its flexibility to meet users’ expectations. For 
instance, advertisement has long been regarded negatively asgarbage by customers. However, with new advancements inmobile service, advertisers may now provide more diversifiedand personalized advertisements to customers. Thispersonalized m-advertisement is effective in a way that itallows appropriate message to reach the most potentialcustomers at the best time in the right place [6].This paper focused on yet another mobile servicedevelopment. It enhanced cathodic protection (CP) systemthrough SMS notification feature. CP system is elementary topipeline integrity management, and broadly used in gas,petrochemical and water transmission and distribution.Cathodic protection is implemented to protect pipelines, inwhich measurements of CP data are required to be reportedregularly for monitoring purposes. Two importantmeasurements are level of protection applied to the pipeline atthe source and along the pipeline itself [7]. In this study, asystem was developed to notify technicians of any faults occurregarding CP measurement upon pipelines. The notification issent to technicians via SMS. The implementation of SMS inthis system was believed to be very important mainly because itrequired less human intervention in monitoring processes. Thedeveloped system had exploited the significant advantagesoffered by mobile solutions. As known, mobile solution hasbecome a popular choice to provide improvements incustomer-oriented systems. The work done in [8] shows thatmobile solution improves tourism industry. The system enablesusers to receive new tourist contents with minimal userintervention. Besides, the work done in [9] presents that thenotification system has changed from conventional noticeboard to SMS. Their work focused on implementing SMS-based notification in e-parcel management system. Moreover,SMS-based notification is also implemented in assetmanagement system [10
]. In this system, the assets’ locations
are tracked using RFID and GIS technology. It also contains afeature that gives automated notification of asset movementand malfunction alarm via SMS to users. Furthermore, thework done in [11] shows the development of a mobilenotification system in university. The system sends notificationto students through mobile instant messaging applicationinstalled on their mobile phones [12]. This system impliesbenefits as students do not need to log on to e-learning systemto retrieve announcements made by their lecturers. These allsystems show that mobile solution has provided significantbenefits to users specifically in providing real-time notification.Real-time notification is believed to become an efficient way of 
113 http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 2, 2011
diminishing the work process cycles and increase ininformation flow [13].In a nutshell, the objective of this paper was to present theimprovement of CP system through the implementation of SMS-based alarm notification. The system will notifytechnicians or responsible personnel of any faults that occur viaSMS. The developed system was named as SMS-basedCathodic Protection (SMS-CP) system.II.
 
METHODOLOGY
 This study began with literature study and data gatheringworks. Results produced from this initial works were then usedin analysis process to produce system requirements. The studythen continued with system design activities in which systemarchitecture, system flow, use case diagram and database weredesigned. These designs were then used in the implementationprocess in which the system was developed and testediteratively until it evolved as final product. In every iteration, aprototype was produced to be evaluated based on systemrequirements. Lastly, the final version of the developed systemwas tested with functional testing. The testing outcomesshowed that the objective of this study had been successfullyachieved.
A.
 
Development Tools
A Microsoft Windows XP personal computer was used inthis study for system development. It was also then used as aserver to be installed with the developed system and the SMSgateway software. Besides, a Global System for MobileCommunications (GSM) modem was also used in this study tosupport the SMS sending functionality.PHP and MySQL were used as the development languageand database respectively. They were chosen as to ensureinteroperability with the current PHP-based CP system. Apartfrom that, Joomla! was used as to develop CP system manager.Moreover, Ozeki NG SMS gateway software was used in thissystem to manage and perform the SMS sending functionality.
B.
 
System Architecture
Fig. 1 shows the system architecture of the developedsystem. The system was developed in three-tier architecture.The data of CP value measurement is retrieved from measuringapparatus installed in gas pipeline. The data are sent to CPsystem manager system for further processing and to be storedin database. This study was conducted based on the real casestudy of a gas company in Malaysia. However, due toconfidentiality issue and restriction in system authorizationimposed by the company, the actual CP system manager couldnot be used in this study. Instead, a prototype system named asMANTAU was developed and used. MANTAU is a web-basedsystem developed using PHP scripting language.The developed system, SMS-CP is installed on server. Itcontains a PHP script module that performs continuouschecking procedure to check for CP measurement data from CPsystem manager. If there are any fault data found, the SMS-CPsystem will produce an instruction message to invoke OzekiNG SMS gateway software for sending SMS. The details of thefault data which are the area (location) with its referencenumber, date, time and CP measurement will be sent to OzekiNG SMS gateway software. Besides, phone numbers of technicians will also be forwarded by SMS-CP system to theOzeki NG SMS gateway software. This software will thencreate an SMS message to be sent to technicians. There is alsoa database installed on server for SMS-CP system to storedetails about fault occurrence, and phone numbers of technicians.
Figure 1. System Architecture.
114 http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 2, 2011
Ozeki NG SMS gateway will forward the created SMSmessage to GSM modem. The GSM modem will then completethe notification sending process by forwarding the message toall authorized technicians via SMS. Fig.2 and Fig. 3 belowshow the use case diagram and sequence diagram of thedeveloped system respectively.
Figure 2. Use Case diagram.Figure 3. Sequence diagram.
III.
 
R
ESULTS AND
D
ISCUSSION
 
A.
 
System Prototype
The CP system manager was developed as a web-basedsystem. This system was named as MANTAU and itsfunctionalities among others were to receive, process and storeCP measurement data. Fig. 4 shows the interface of MANTAUsystem that displays a graft of data for 2007.
Figure 4. Interface of MANTAU system (CP system manager).
The data retrieved from CP measuring apparatus containedfive values which were pipeline location, location code, date,time, and Transformer Rectifier (TR). These data arerepresented as follow:
{location, code, date {day, month, year}, time {hour, minute,second}, TR }
These data were stored in MANTAU database for furtherprocesses as well as for future reference.The SMS-CP system which was located on servercontained a PHP script module to perform continuous check onfault CP measurement data from MANTAU database. In thisstudy, the time gap was set to 30 seconds, which means SMS-CP system will check for CP measurement data for every half aminute. If there was a fault occurred, the data will be retrievedby SMS-CP system and stored in its database. At the sametime, it will trigger another PHP script module to instruct OzekiNG SMS gateway software to send SMS notification messageto authorized technicians. In this case, SMS-CP system will
forward the whole fault data along with technicians’ phone
numbers to Ozeki NG SMS gateway software. These data arerepresented as follow:
{location, code, date {day, month, year}, time {hour, minute,second}, TR, phone}
Fig. 5 show
s the notification message received by technician’s
mobile phone via SMS. In this example, the data received areas follow:
Authorizedtechnicians
Receive dataCheck forfaultReceive SMSnotification
CPSystemManagerSMS-CPSystem
Process dataStore dataStore faultdataTrigger SMSsending
CPSystemManagerAuthorizedtechniciansSMS-CPSystemOzeki NGSMSGatewayGSMModemCheck for fault dataSend fault dataTrigger SMSSend SMSSend SMS
115 http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

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