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A Fuzzy Approach to Prevent Headlight Glare

A Fuzzy Approach to Prevent Headlight Glare

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Published by ijcsis
This paper proposes a fuzzy rule based design approach to prevent the Headlight glare emitted by the oncoming vehicles on the Highways. This gradually reduces accidents on the Highways as the driver of the oncoming vehicle is put on a comfortable zone which might otherwise blind the oncoming driver’s visibility. In the conventional vehicles the illumination is adjusted manually by the driver. This fuzzy based approach has the fuzzy sensor and the controller embedded inside the windshield or fit on to it, generates ambient illumination to the oncoming driver, there by not ruining the vision of the driver during night. This setup has to be embedded on to all the vehicles, so that it prevents the happening of accidents. Fuzzy sensor and the controller makes use of the fuzzy rules. The light intensity emitted by the oncoming vehicle received by the fuzzy sensor, is fuzzified using triangular membership function and checked for the tolerance limit. If not of acceptable limit; the fuzzy sensor forwards it to the fuzzy controller which converts the light intensity to an ambient light source thereby defuzzifying the output.
This paper proposes a fuzzy rule based design approach to prevent the Headlight glare emitted by the oncoming vehicles on the Highways. This gradually reduces accidents on the Highways as the driver of the oncoming vehicle is put on a comfortable zone which might otherwise blind the oncoming driver’s visibility. In the conventional vehicles the illumination is adjusted manually by the driver. This fuzzy based approach has the fuzzy sensor and the controller embedded inside the windshield or fit on to it, generates ambient illumination to the oncoming driver, there by not ruining the vision of the driver during night. This setup has to be embedded on to all the vehicles, so that it prevents the happening of accidents. Fuzzy sensor and the controller makes use of the fuzzy rules. The light intensity emitted by the oncoming vehicle received by the fuzzy sensor, is fuzzified using triangular membership function and checked for the tolerance limit. If not of acceptable limit; the fuzzy sensor forwards it to the fuzzy controller which converts the light intensity to an ambient light source thereby defuzzifying the output.

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Published by: ijcsis on Mar 08, 2011
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03/19/2011

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A Fuzzy Approach to Prevent Headlight Glare
Mrs.Niraimathi.S Dr.M.Arthanari
 
P.G.Department of computer applications Director N.G.M College Bharathidasan School of computer applicationsPollachi-642001, TamilNadu, India Ellispettai-638116, TamilNadu, India
niraisenthil@yahoo.com arthanarimsvc@gmail.com
Mr.M.Sivakumar
Doctoral Research Scholar Anna University, Coimbatore, TamilNadu, India
sivala@gmail.com
Abstract: This paper proposes a fuzzy rule based designapproach to prevent the Headlight glare emitted by theoncoming vehicles on the Highways. This graduallyreduces accidents on the Highways as the driver of theoncoming vehicle is put on a comfortable zone which
might otherwise blind the oncoming driver’s visibility.
Inthe conventional vehicles the illumination is adjustedmanually by the driver. This fuzzy based approach hasthe fuzzy sensor and the controller embedded inside thewindshield or fit on to it, generates ambient illuminationto the oncoming driver, there by not ruining the vision of the driver during night. This setup has to be embeddedon to all the vehicles, so that it prevents the happening of accidents. Fuzzy sensor and the controller makes use of the fuzzy rules. The light intensity emitted by theoncoming vehicle received by the fuzzy sensor, isfuzzified using triangular membership function andchecked for the tolerance limit. If not of acceptable limit;the fuzzy sensor forwards it to the fuzzy controller whichconverts the light intensity to an ambient light sourcethereby defuzzifying the output.
Key words- Fuzzy logic; fuzzy rules; fuzzy sensor; fuzzycontrollers; fuzzification; defuzzification; Headlight glare
I. INTRODUCTION
Around the world more than 1.2 million people lose theirlife in Road Accidents, every year. 3 to 4 % of GrossNational Product is lost in Road Accidents. One person iskilled in Road Accidents, every three minutes in the World.Total number of annual road accident deaths is more than thetotal population of Mauritius.Headlight glare is the main challenge, when driving atnight to the drivers.During night the drivers are affected bythe dazzling high intensity headlights, which puts off theirvision and results in accidents. The blinding effect may benearly total, if the lights have not been switched from highbeam, but even on low beam there is significant discomfortand reduced visibility. This paper proposes a Fuzzy basedapproach to reduce the headlight glare. The fuzzy sensor andthe fuzzy controllers embedded in the windshield during itslamination process or fit on to the windshield, gives asolution to the headlight glare. The Sensor includes theoperation of checking the light source, if of overtolerance/under tolerance. There by the controller convertingit in to low intensity if of high intensity and vice versa,providing ambient light source.The light intensity(I) measured in Volts and thedistance(D) in metres are received by the fuzzy sensor. Theinput parameters received by the fuzzy sensor are crisp inputvalues (Numerical value). These crisp sets are converted in tofuzzy sets using the process of fuzzification and areevaluated using the fuzzy rules. The output light intensity(OI)calculated using the fuzzy rules is checked for the tolerancelimit by the fuzzy sensor. If beyond the tolerance limit, thefuzzy sensor defuzzifies using Centroid of Area and thensends it to the fuzzy controller which converts it to ambientlight source. The process of fuzzification and defuzzificationis also repeated in the fuzzy controller.In [1] a fuzzy controller that controls the brake rate of thevehicle has been stated. The speed of the vehicle for whichthe brake has to be applied and distance of the vehicle fromthe point at which it has to stop are passed as the inputparameters to a fuzzifier. The controller compares theseinputs with the rule base and gives the desired output.
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 2, February 2011155 http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
In [2] automatic fuzzy controller which controls theswitching of headlight intensity of automobiles has beenproposed..[3,5,6,8,9,11,12] gives basic understanding of Crisp set, itsconversion to Fuzzy sets, concepts of fuzzy controller, andthe knowledge about Fuzzy Expert system. This paper givesthe Methodology used in the fuzzy sensor, fuzzification of input variables, rule evaluation and defuzzification in sectionII, Implementation in section III and conclusion in sectionIV.
II. METHODOLOGY
 The fuzzy sensor with its input parameters I(inputintensity), D(distance) and the output parameter OI(Sensoroutput) is clearly shown in Fig. 1. The figures below indicatethe demonstrations derived using MATLAB.
Fig. 1. The structure of the fuzzy sensor
A. Fuzzy inference process
Fuzzy inference process defines a
set of fuzzy “if – 
then
“rules. Most fuzzy logic based system use
s rule bases torepresent the relation among the linguistic variables and toderive actions from sensor input.The fuzzy inference process is performed in four steps:1.
 
Fuzzification of the input variables.2.
 
Defining Membership functions.3.
 
Rule evaluation.
 
4.
 
Defuzzification.
 
1) Fuzzification:
Fuzzification is the process of converting the crisp input variables to fuzzy variables. It isthe mapping of the range of input to set membership valuesof each fuzzy variable. The crisp values got for the inputparameters I and D are converted in to fuzzy sets. Forfuzzification of these parameters, linguistic variables are used(Table I, II, III). The input Intensity(I) consists of 6 fuzzysets, Distance(D) has 10 fuzzy sets and the output parameterouput Intensity consists of 6 fuzzysets.
T
ABLE I
.
 
L
INGUISTIC VARIABLES FOR INPUT
I
NTENSITY
I(V)
AND THEIRNUMERICAL RANGE
 
Linguistic value Notation Numericalrange
JustNoticeable JN 0-3.50Noticeable N 3.00-6.50Satisfactory S 5.00-8.50JustAcceptable JA 7.00-10.50Disturbing D 9.00-12.50UnBearable UB 11.00-14.50
T
ABLE
II.
 
L
INGUISTIC VARIABLES FOR
D
ISTANCE
D(
MTS
)
AND ITS
N
UMERICAL RANGE
 
Linguistic value Notation Numericalrange
VeryClose VC 0-25Close CL 12-50VeryNear VN 37-75Near N 62-100ModeratelyNear MN 87-125ModeratelyFar MF 110-150Far F 135-175VeryFar VF 160-200PrettyVeryFar PVF 185-225BoundaryZone BZ 210-250
T
ABLE III
.
 
L
INGUISTIC VARIABLES FOR
S
ENSOR OUTPUT LIGHT SOURCE
OI(V)
AND ITS NUMERICAL RANGE
 
Linguistic value Notation Numericalrange
JustNoticeable JN 0-3.50Noticeable N 3.00-6.50Satisfactory S 5.00-8.50JustAcceptable JA 7.00-10.50Disturbing D 9.00-12.50UnBearable UB 11.00-14.50
2) Defining Membership functions:
After fuzzificationis done, the next process is to define the membership
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 2, February 2011156 http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
functions in the fuzzy sets for the input and outputparameters. The Triangular membership function is usedfor constructing the fuzzy sets. The membershipfunction of the input parameters is shown by the figures(2-3). The membership function of the output parameteris shown in figure.4. Fuzzy membership expressions forthe input Intensity(I) and Distance(D) is given by(Eq.(1-2)).
 
Fig.2. The membership function of I(inputIntensity)
µ 
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(1)
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 2, February 2011157 http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

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