inner ear is the maintenance of the dog's equilibrium or balance. This structurecontains fluid-filled canals, which, as the fluid shifts, tells the brain the body's exactposition. If a dog's head is tilted the fluid shifts, and the brain detects the tilting.
The eardrum picks up sound waves through air vibration. The eardrumvibrates and stimulates the bones within the middle ear. The vibrating bones pass thesound vibrations to an area with tiny hairs. As the hair moves, sound waves aretransformed to electrical impulses and then passed to the inner ear where they aretransmitted by the auditory nerve to the brain where they are detected as sound. Thisis how hearing is created.The parts of the ear, namely the ear flap, canal, eardrum, and middle and inner ear, allplay important roles. These structures are complex and can become diseased, thusimpairing their function. Disorders of the ear are frequently very painful and can affectboth hearing and equilibrium.
Puppies are born unable to hear. They are unresponsive to even loud noises. The earcanals described above remain closed, unable to carry sound to the eardrum until thepuppy is about ten days of age. In some individuals, the ear canals may open slightlysooner or later but it averages about ten days. The canals become fully open by threeweeks of age. As a result of the ear canals 'opening up,' most puppies will begin tohear sounds at about fourteen days of age, with functional hearing by twenty-one daysof age. It is very difficult to assess possible hearing impairment until the puppy is atleast four weeks of age, at which time deafness, if present, may be noticed andevaluated.
The tube that connects the external ear with the ear drum.
The group of cells in the skin in which a hair or feather develops.
A group of specialized cells that together perform a particular function, e.g., muscle tissue,nerve tissue, bone.
The ears are composed of external pinna (outside portion of the ear) and a skin-linedcanal (the external ear canal) descending (vertical and horizontal portions) to the ear drum (the
). This portion comprises the
ear. Other compartments of the ear, beginning after the tympanic membrane, are sequentiallynamed the
ear and the
ear.The horizontal ear canal is lined by specialized skin approximately 1mm thick, rich insebaceous glands associated with hair follicles (oily secretions) and cerumen producingglands, which secrete a mixture of degenerating epithelial cells in a fatty [lipid] base and aredeeper into the skin. Cerumen secreting gland are found in increasing numbers closest to the