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cardiovascular system..

cardiovascular system..

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Published by gilma
..tgnan nyo grupm8z if fEdEh n yan..
..tgnan nyo grupm8z if fEdEh n yan..

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Published by: gilma on Aug 25, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/15/2012

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INTRODUCTION
 
The cardiac-circulatory system may be thought of as a transportationsystem. It takes nourishment and oxygen to the cells and carries awaywaste products. The closed system is kept in motion by the force of theheartbeat. Diseases that attack any part of this system interfere with theoverall function. Long-standing diseases of the cardiovascular systemeventually affect the pulmonary system as well.
STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
 
The organs of the cardiovascular system include:1.
Heart 
: A central pumping station.2. Blood VesselsA.
 Arteries
: Tubes that carry blood away from the heart.
They have muscular, elastic walls with smoothlinings.
They branch to form arterioles with thinner walls.Arterioles then become capillaries.
They carry blood with high concentration of nutrients and oxygen (O
2
) to the body cells.
 
Major Arteries of the BodyB.
Veins
: Tubes that carry blood toward the heart.
They have thinner muscular walls.
They carry blood back to the heart.
They carry blood with a lower concentration of oxygen, more carbon dioxide (CO
2
), and morewaste products.
They have cup-like valves that help move theblood.
 
Major Veins of the BodyC.
Capillaries
: Tubes that connect arteries and veins.
They have walls only one cell thick.
They are the site of exchange of nutrients andoxygen from the blood to the cells, and carbondioxide and waste products from the cells to theblood.

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