The cardiac-circulatory system may be thought of as a transportationsystem. It takes nourishment and oxygen to the cells and carries awaywaste products. The closed system is kept in motion by the force of theheartbeat. Diseases that attack any part of this system interfere with theoverall function. Long-standing diseases of the cardiovascular systemeventually affect the pulmonary system as well.
STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
The organs of the cardiovascular system include:1.
: A central pumping station.2. Blood VesselsA.
: Tubes that carry blood away from the heart.
They have muscular, elastic walls with smoothlinings.
They branch to form arterioles with thinner walls.Arterioles then become capillaries.
They carry blood with high concentration of nutrients and oxygen (O
) to the body cells.