Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
12Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Theory - Arranging Big Band - Berklee Course on Arranging

Theory - Arranging Big Band - Berklee Course on Arranging

Ratings: (0)|Views: 525 |Likes:
Published by Juan Macias Lopez

More info:

Published by: Juan Macias Lopez on Mar 09, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/25/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Natural
ly,
any
study
of
music
l[t"ust
beg-inwithanunderstandingof
!..
0SC'
simpleelementswhichgotomake~pmusic.Thefirstoftheseelements
to
bediscussedisPitch,which
if;
designated
by
thelocationofanoteonamusicalstave.Thisisprobablybestexplained
by
theaccompany-
ing
illustration
which
shows
the
locationofeachnote
inthe
>
tr
eble"
and
a
bass"
clefs..
B'CJ)EF
Ex.
J
Somedefinitionsrelating
to
pitch:
SElvII-rfONE...."..
Thesmallestdistancebetweentwonotes.'VHOLE-TONE..Theequivaleritoftwosemi-tones.
INTERVALThedistancebetween
tWG
differ-entpitches.
')i1
r
1.0,).....:.
DEGH.EE
Each
noteina
scaleis
calledadegreeof
scale.
TETRLCHORD..Afour-note
scal
econsisting
of
thefollow-
ing
intervals:
Whol
e-fone,
who
le
tone,
semi-tone
The
:fi
l:.':t
direct=,_pnlicationwel,J,Hllmakeofnitch
i~:;
tothe
..L.-:,,
!;,,,'"",....
coristr..
tc:tl.;.)n
01
majorscales.
A
scare
may
Le
stbe
ocnnec
('.5
aser-iesof:,:cl~.ted
notes
moving
in
a
constantly
ascend-
ingordescendingdirection.
 
r'~
ON
..,~.....
Ii
t,.....-"""'~
A.!':lAJC~SCALECONSTRUCTION
Themajorscaleismadeupofseven
CUHE::i."Cnt
notes,oneen'each
sue-
cessivelineandspaceofthestaveandeachhavingaditferentIetter
name,
Theeighthnote,oroctave,isaddedsincethisnotegivesafeelingofresolutionandcompletionwhenthescaleisplayed.
I
Il__1I
Ex.
2.
UponanalyzingtheintervalsofthemajorscalebuiltonC,youwillfindthat
tile
structureofthemajorscaleisasfollows:(twotetrachordsconnectedbyawholetone)Wholetone,wholetone,
semi-tone.
(Tctrachord)Wholetone.Wholetone,wholetone,
semi-tone..
(Tetrachord)Theseinter-valsbetween'thedegreesofthemajorscalenevervary,hence,majorscalesmaybebuiltonanynoteusingthestructureofthescalebuiltonCasaguide.Amajorscalebuilt
all
theroottoneAbwouldhavethefollowingappearance:
"
'
I
/
X
/:L__1_.1
2__--'
Ex.3
Notethatthefourthdegreeof
r
thisscalemustbecalledDbratherthan
CH,
sincethethird!degreehadtheletternameC,andthedefinitionofamajorstalestipulatesthateachofthescaledegreesmustfallonthe
i
nextsuccessivelineorspaceandreceivethenextsuccessivelettername.
J
1
1sttobecertainthattheforegoingisperfectlyclear,hereisonemoreexarnpleofamajorscale,thistimebuiltIonthenoteE.
PageZ
~
~.,.
';
.::;
'r-
ilL-.
"
IL.
~~,
'~'
--
~~
I
II~
II:
IJ
,II:
i
j
·r=
d:
 
1)------__.__
~l~~
"/t;;:--'/f.E.---~._-
_=-:::-.....;L-"'"'''''-~_.,--_:_:._1_--~-=====~=~=====-_
~~.--:;:;Ii'~--·~f-l<.z..----.-.-----
/
.k
z
,.
I
//
Ex.4
Althoughmajorscalesmaybe
constructed
asdescribedabove,
a
moreorganizedmethodforfindingall
lof
themajorscalesandkeysignaturesisbasedontheapplicationofthetetrachord.Asmaybeseeninthefollowingexample,themajorscaleisdi-visibleintotwoequalparts,each{Tartforming
a
tetrachord.These
tetrachords
areidenticalinconstructionandarecon-nectedby
the
intervalof
a
wholetone.
(B)
,1~
Ex.5
By
usingtheunpertetra.chordasthelowelr
tetra
chord
in
'our
new';
scale,
it
ispossibletoarrive
at
allof.thekeysignatures
con-:
taming
sharps.'
(S)~UPPER
TAACNOR£)OF
/'~EV/OUS,"!:"EY('EX.S)
/
I
Ex.6
Inthe
previous
example
it
is
evident
that
!the
Fmustbesharped,
sinceeach
tetrachor
d
mustbe
composedof
whol
e
tone,whole
tone,
halftone.
By
folfowingthe
same
procedure
it
is
obyiousthatthenext
sharpkey
would
beq;in
withthetetrachordbuiltonthenoLeD,t.c.,
the
uppertctr
achcrd
of
the
G
scale.
pa::;e
3
_
..
-----,
..
"
..
-~~
..
,,..~~
.
.'

Activity (12)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
davidavinci liked this
colinh1961704 liked this
Ilaria Biagini liked this
mr_niiCE liked this
mr_niiCE liked this
Chris-Her liked this
sabrina colombo liked this
nhannick89 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->