The objective of this project was to estimate concentrations of carbonyl sulfide surrounding anatural gas compressor station located near Lake Arlington (see Fig. 1), to determine whether thepotential exists for adverse impacts on human health. Although 2 1-hour ambient air sampleswere collected by Titan Engineering in June 2010 to assess the potential for health impacts, these2 samples did not represent a worst case in terms of human exposure.Concentrations of pollutants to which humans are exposed are functions of:1) Emission rate,2) Meteorology.If meteorological conditions are right for diluting pollutant concentrations, then humans will beexposed to low levels of pollutants. Such diluting conditions include high wind speeds andsignificant vertical mixing/turbulence. On the other hand, if meteorological conditions are rightfor concentrating pollutants, then humans will be exposed to high levels of pollutants. Suchconcentrating conditions include low wind speeds and stable atmospheric conditions.
Samplingfor 1-hour is not enough to assess the worst-case concentrations that humans might beexposed to
: unless the sampler is very lucky, the meteorological conditions during sampling willnot be worst case. The Titan Engineering report states that conditions during the 1-hour of sampling were normal (not worst-case).
In addition, sampling at 2 locations is not enough toassess the worst-case concentrations that humans might be exposed to
: unless the sampler isvery lucky, he/she will not happen to be sampling at the location where the highest concentrationoccurs.
In this project, 9480 hours of meteorological data (from June 1, 2009 to June 30, 2010)were processed through air quality dispersion modeling software to determine whatcarbonyl sulfide concentrations would be under a variety of meteorological conditions.
Inaddition, pollutant concentrations were estimated at
2220 receptor locations
surrounding thecompressor station to provide a more complete picture of how concentrations would vary as afunction of location.
The computer modeling results show that under meteorological conditionsthat concentrate pollutants, carbonyl sulfide concentrations surrounding the Lake Arlingtonexceed health impact levels, for distances as great as one mile.
METHODOLOGY - MEASUREMENTS
Titan Engineering, Inc., in a project conducted for the Barnett Shale Energy Education Council,collected 2 1-hour ambient air samples near the Lake Arlington compressor station for sulfur analysis. Although additional samples were collected for analysis of volatile organic compoundsand formaldehyde, only these 2 samples at the Lake Arlington site (COFW 5) were analyzed for sulfur compounds. The 2 samples were collected in summa canisters on June 11, 2010 between2:15 and 3:15 p.m., at the following locations: