P. 1
Electronics

Electronics

Ratings: (0)|Views: 531 |Likes:
Published by icti_ku_af
An electronics book which I have edited it in a word format.
An electronics book which I have edited it in a word format.

More info:

Categories:Types, Reviews, Book
Published by: icti_ku_af on Mar 09, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/09/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Edited by: Eng. Hamidullah RIAZ
Edited and Published: 07.03.2011
Page 1
Help yourself and get knowledge of Electronics from these pieces of  paper which is edited by me Eng. Hamidullah RIAZ.
 
Edited by: Eng. Hamidullah RIAZ
Edited and Published: 07.03.2011
Page 2
Table of Content
1.
 
RESISTORS 
1.1. Marking the resistors 1.2. Resistor power  1.3. Nonlinear resistors 1.4. Practical examples 1.5. Potentiometers 1.6. Practical examples
 
2
.
 
CAPACITORS
 2.1. Block-capacitors 2.1.1. Marking the clock-capacitors 2.2. Electrolytic capacitors 2.3. Variable capacitors 2.4. Practical examples
 
3
.
 
COILS AND TRANSFORMERS
 3.1. Coils3.2. Transformers 3.2.1. Working principles and characteristics of transformers3.3. Practical examples
4
.
 
TRANSISTORS
4.1. Working principles of transistors 4.2. Basic characteristics of transistors4.3. The safest way to test transistors4.4. TUN and TUP 4.5. Practical examples
5
.
 
DIODES
 5.1. Marking the diodes5.2. Characteristics of diodes 5.3. Practical examples
6
.
 
THYRISTORS, TRIAC, DIAC
 6.1. Practical examples
7
.
 
INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
 7.1. Analog integrated circuits 7.2. Digital integrated circuits 7.3. Practical examples
8
.
 
MICROPHONES, SPEAKERS, HEADPHONES
 8.1. Microphones8.2. Speakers8.3. Headphones8.4. Practical examples
9
.
 
OPTO-ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS
 9.1. Practical examples
10.
 
OTHER COMPONENTS
 10.1. Relays 10.2. Practical examples
11.
 
COMPONENTS CHECK
 11.1. Diodes and transistors11.2. Transformers and coils11.3. Capacitors11.4. Potentiometers11.5. Speakers, headphones, microphones
1
2
.
 
CONDUCTIVITY
 
PROBE
 12.1. Semiconductors check12.2. Other components check
 
 
Edited by: Eng. Hamidullah RIAZ
Edited and Published: 07.03.2011
Page 3
1. Resistors
 
Resistors are the most commonly used component in electronics and their purpose is to create specified values of current andvoltage in a circuit. A number of different resistors are shown in the photos. (The resistors are on millimeter paper, with 1cmspacing to give some idea of the dimensions). Photo 1.1a shows some low-power resistors, while photo 1.1b shows some higher-power resistors. Resistors with power dissipation below 5 watt (most commonly used types) are cylindrical in shape, with a wireprotruding from each end for connecting to a circuit (photo 1.1-a). Resistors with power dissipation above 5 watt are shownbelow (photo 1.1-b).
Fig. 1.1a: Some low-power resistors
 
Fig. 1.1b: High-power resistors and rheostats
 
The symbol for a resistor is shown in the following diagram (upper: American symbol, lower: European symbol.)
 
Fig. 1.2a: Resistor symbols
 
The unit for measuring resistance is the
OHM
. (the Greek letter  - called Omega). Higher resistance values are represented by"k" (kilo-ohms) and M (meg ohms). For example, 120 000  is represented as 120k, while 1 200 000  is represented as 1M2.The dot is generally omitted as it can easily be lost in the printing process.
 
I
n some circuit diagrams, a value such as 8 or 120represents a resistance in ohms. Another common practice is to use the letter E for resistance in ohms. The letter R can also beused. For example, 120E (120R) stands for 120 , 1E2 stands for 1R2 etc.
 
1.1 Resistor Markings
 
Resistance value is marked on the resistor body. Most resistors have 4 bands. The first two bands provide the numbers for theresistance and the third band provides the number of zeros. The fourth band indicates the tolerance. Tolerance values of 5%, 2%,and 1% are most commonly available.The following table shows the colors used to identify resistor values:
 
C
OLOR 
 
DIGIT
 
MULTIPLIER 
 
TOLERAN
C
E
 
T
C
 
Silver
 
x 0.01
;
 
±10%
 
Gold
 
x 0.1
;
 
±5%
 
Black 
 
0
 
x 1
;
 

Activity (13)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
alisaeed01 liked this
Vuyolwethu89 liked this
Javier Juarez liked this
kelm.tuns liked this
Pankaj Shakya liked this
mohana6 liked this
rodsky liked this
ess47 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->