A diamond is just a sparkling little colorless rock that looks pretty in an engagement ring, or set into apendant or pair of earrings. So why is it the center of every engagement, the symbol for all thingsvaluable and precious, and the proverbial girl’s best friend? How is a rough diamond made into asparkling gem? Why do we buy diamonds anyway?The difference between a piece of rough diamond and a finished jewel is a time-consuming process of cutting and polishing. The secrets of diamond cutting have been honed over generations, passed downin the small circles of knowledgeable diamond experts. When you buy a certified loose diamond, youhold a piece of that secret knowledge and expert craftsmanship in your hand.
A rough diamond crystal has none of the sparkle and brilliance of a cut diamond
Cutting diamonds is unlike cutting any other gem because of the unique hardness and value of thediamond. Diamond cutting requires special knowledge, tools and techniques, and is done in only a fewcities worldwide. Antwerp, Belgium is one major diamond cutting center, as well as Surat, India. Cutdiamonds are also manufactured in New York City and Tel Aviv, Israel. When you
, youare purchasing a piece of that globe-circling tradition.The first step of diamond cutting is planning. The diamond cutter analyzes the rough diamond withcomputer imaging technology and with his own highly trained eyes to determine how the loose diamondwill be cut. He tries to plan a diamond shape that will maximize the size of the finished stone andminimize waste, as well as a popular shape that will sell quickly. Any inclusions or imperfections arenotes and incorporated into the 3-D computer model, so the cutter can cut the stone in a way thatexcises or hides the imperfections