This report builds upon five years of TLO work in Southern Afghanistan. TLOwould like to emphasize its commitment to independent and impartial re-search. Findings in this report are the sole opinion of TLO and do not neces-sarily reflect the views and position of the Dutch government.The authors would like to thank all community and shura members, districtand provincial officials, and key informants who spent time with the researchteam, and the staff in the Uruzgan office who assisted with the practical mat-ters associated with fieldwork in Uruzgan.Finally, the authors would like to thank TLO colleagues for their invaluablecomments and assistance.
About The Liaison Office (TLO)
The Liaison Office (TLO) is an independent Afghan non-governmental organ-ization seeking to improve local governance, stability and security throughsystematic and institutionalized engagement with customary structures, localcommunities, and civil society groups. TLO’s mission is
to facilitate the formal integration of communities and their traditional governance structures withinAfghanistan’s newly emerging peace, governance and reconstruction frame-work.
TLO main areas of activity are Research/Analysis using the do-no harm ap-proach; Dialogue facilitation/Peacebuilding, and Natural Resource Manage-ment.In addition to the TLO headquarters in Kabul, the organization has four re-gional offices (Paktia-Southeast, Kandahar-South, Nangarhar-East, Kunduz-North), three provincial offices (Uruzgan, Khost, Paktika), and three districtoffices (Spin Boldak - Kandahar, Chora and Deh Rawud - Uruzgan) acrossAfghanistan, with over 200 staff.TLO was established in 2003 by swisspeace on the request of community lead-ers in the Southeast. TLO has been funded by various non-governmental andgovernmental donors, international organizations and foundations. Currentlythese include the Heinrich Boell Foundation, the US Institute of Peace, Devel-opment Alternatives International, Association for Rural Development,Counter-Part International, GTZ, the Netherlands Institute of InternationalRelations Clingendael, and the governments of Canada, Germany, the Nether-lands, France, Poland, United States (USAID) and Switzerland (SDC).