IMPACT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS’ TRAINING
PROGRAMME ON MANAGEMENT OF TEST ANXIETY
Test anxiety is a set of phenomenological, physiological and behavioural responsesaroused as an apprehension the possible negative consequences of impending failure on anexamination or similar evaluative situation. There are much empirical evidences that show therelationship among physical activity, psychological wellbeing and anxiety reduction. In physicaleducation teacher training curriculum there is ample scope of rigorous physical activity as well aseducational and mental exercise; so the main goal of the present study was to ascertain the impactof this training on reduction of test anxiety.
This one was a longitudinal study carried out through quasi-experimental researchdesign. A sample of 108 B.P.Ed students (40 female & 68 male) was chosen from different teachereducation institutions of West Bengal by stratified random sampling technique. FRIEDBEN TestAnxiety Scale was administered on the sample in three different phases
at the beginning, in themiddle and at the end of the session.
From the Paired Samples “t”
- test it was observed that the mean of the FTAS scoresremained statistically unchanged from the 1
phase (M = 65.59) to the 2
phase of testing (M =66.00), but there was statistically significant decrease in the 3
phase of testing (M = 62.89).
Physical education teacher training programme (B.P.Ed.) may have positive impacton reduction of test anxiety. Rigorous and prolonged physical activity in this programme may bethe cause of this reduction.
Anxiety, Test Anxiety, quasi-experimental research design
1. Perspective of the Study
Millions of people in the world become affected by the psychological problems due todepression and anxiety. It has a relationship with death increase and health services expenses(Anonymous, 1978). In Persian the meaning of anxiety is restlessness and confusion (Amid,1981). As per most psychological texts, it is also synonymous with words such as stress andexcitement (Kyamrz & Nori Neshat, 1993).Depression is a state of mood which is defined according to the feeling of incapability,hopelessness, decrease in action or reaction, pessimism, sadness and some other feelings(Nourbakhsh, 2004). Depression is also a natural response to life pressure such as unsuccessfulin education or losing a job. All these situations of life pressure lead to depression (Peluso, et al,2005).
Assistant Professor in Psychology, Shimurali Sachinandan College of Education, Shimurali, Nadia, West Bengal,India Tel.:09231612366, E-mail:Samirranjanadhikari@gmail.com
Research Scholar, Department of Physical Education, University of Kalyani, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal, India.
Paper presented to the “National Seminar on Modern Trends in Physical Education and sportsScience” orgamized by Department of Physical Education, University of Kalyani,
West Bengal, India November 25-26, 2010.