I have spent the last ten years of my career working in foreign-owned enterprises withdiverse ownership structure and business cases, all having a common trait – taking close care of information security and information capital. Since year 2006. I have been serving also as acompany information security officer, so I was faced with a task of envisioning and organizingintegral enterprise information security management system. In the past four years a number of policies, plans, standards, guidelines and work instructions had to be devised that encompass notonly information, but also integral corporate security. This endeavor has ended by joining postgraduate studies at the University of Economy in Rijeka where I have completed the final thesiswith the topic of integral and information security, motivated by my daily work.In contact with colleagues of the same profession, I have noticed that many medium andeven large scale enterprises do not have a separate business function in charge of informationsecurity, sensitive business information are protected in the same way other forms of capital arebeing protected, despite the fact that information capital has intrinsic values making itcomparable to “classical” forms of capital, but also certain characteristics that make them verydifferent, thus requiring completely different treatment. Difficulties in definition of informationcapital concept are especially clear when trying to make a clear division between raw data,information and knowledge.Some difficulties have been encountered during this research. The topic of informationcapital has been mentioned in literature sporadically, due to the fact that best practice models of information protection are related mainly towards data or information, and not informationcapital, while enterprises systematically manage only derivatives of information capital (forexample, knowledge). The main driver behind creation of this paper is to clearly make adistinction between information and other forms of enterprise capital, describe some measuresused to protect it within enterprises and describe relation between information capital andenterprise efficiency.At this point, I would like to thank my mentor prof.dr.sc. Maks Tajnikar for the patiencedemonstrated during creation of the draft and the seminary paper itself.