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Air Break Circuit Breaker

Air Break Circuit Breaker

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Published by rakesh0212

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Published by: rakesh0212 on Mar 10, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Air break circuit breaker 
These circuit breakers employ high resistance interruption principle. The arc is rapidly lengthenedby means of the arc runners and arc chutes and the resistance of the arc is increased by cooling,lengthening and spilitting the arc. The arc resistance increases to such an extent that the voltagedrop across the arc becomes more than the supply voltage and the arc extinguished.Air breaker circuit breakers are used in d.c circuits and a.c circuits upto 12 kV.Magnetic field is utilized for lengthening the arc in high voltage air break circuit breaker.The arc resistance is increased to such an extent that the system voltage cannot maintain the arcand the arc gets extinguished.
There are two set of contacts: Main contacts (1) and Arching contacts (2).
Main contacts conduct the current in closed position of the breaker. They have low contactresistance and are silver plated. The arching contacts (2) are hard, heat resistance and usuallymade of copper alloy. While opening the contact, the main contacts dislodge first. The current isshifted to the arching contacts. The arching contacts dislodge later and arc is drawn betweenthem (3). This arc is forced upwards by the electromagnetic force and thermal action. The arcends travel along the Arc Runner (Arcing horns). The arc moves upwards and is split by arcsplitter plates (5). The arc is extinguished by lengthening, cooling, splitting etc. In some breakersthe arc is drawn in the direction of the splitter by magnetic field.

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