Split neutral density filters come in two varieties - graduated edge and hard edge. Graduated edgemeans that there is a soft transition between the dark and soft sections of the filter. Soft edge orgraduated split neutral density filters are normally preferred for landscape photography because thetransition looks more natural than a hard edge.
Hard edge and soft edge graduated split neutral density filters
Hard edge split neutral density filters are more useful when taking a photo with a well definedhorizon that forms a solid line. The split line of the filter can then be placed along this line. They areespecially useful when the sun is on or just above the horizon.Both hard edge and graduated split neutral density filters are available in a range of strengths:
ND0.3 = 1 stop
ND0.6 = 2 stops
ND0.9 = 3 stops
Graduated split neutral density filters – ND0.3, ND0.6 and ND0.9
The larger in difference between the brightness of the sky and the landscape, the stronger the filteryou will want to use.
MANAGING EXPOSURE WITH SPLIT NDS,EXPOSURE BLENDING, AND HDR