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2 kVA Inverter Project

2 kVA Inverter Project



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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Salisu Webmaster on Mar 10, 2011
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is anµelectronic circuit§ for converting µdirect current§ (DC) to µalternating current§ (AC). Inverters are used in a wide range of applications, from smallµswitched power supplies§ for a computer to largeµelectric utility§ applications to transport bulk power. This report contains details of the design and construction of amodern 3000W dc to ac inverter. The system consists of the main inverter stage, thecharging unit and the overload protector. These units are further subdivided into differentstages. The main inverter performs the basic operation of converting the input DC signalfrom the battery into an AC signal. It then amplifiers the AC signal by the use of transistor MOSFET drivers and then step-up the signal to the require power (3000W) bythe use of step-up transformer. The charging unit contains an automatic switch thattransfers the battery from supply to charge when it senses supply from mains. Lastly, theoverload protector is a thermal detector that determines the heat generated by the step-uptransformer. This heat is directly proportional to the current drown from the transformer and thus to the load. . Chapter one contains an introduction to inverters, chapter twocontains a review of related literature, chapter three contains the circuit design analysis,chapter four contains the contraction details ,and five contains the summery.
CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION1.1 PREAMBIEDue to toady’s total dependence on electricity and because of frequentPower outage, back up power is becoming a necessity. Emergency back up power system can provide electrical power to critical loads or the wholehouse during power outages.Emergency power systems are types of systems, which may include lightinggenerator and other apparatus, to provide back up resources in a crisis or when regular systems fail.They find uses in a wide variety of setting from residential homes tohospitals scientific laboratories and computerized systems. Emergency power system can rely on generators or uninterruptible power supplies.All type of electronic devices requires power supply from electric power for their operation. This source can be either generator or a battery. In our society today, the need for power supply can not be over emphasize, becausethe provision of good and services could be completely cut off without power supply. For one to fully enjoy the betterment of living in this newdispensation there should be an adequate stable source of power supply.Over the years electricity has been generated through energy conversionfrom one place to another. Some of these energy sources are,. Solar . Thermal.Wind. Electric generators.They have proved to be quite reliable and efficient but over the years due toinadequate sources of energy to run the engines or a fault in the system its
self poor maintenance, they fail the users at one time or the other. As suchthe need for standby power supply is essential which brought into existencean alternative means called. INVERTER. An inverter is simply an electronicsource of power supply, that work on the principle or save and spend, thus ithas a storage unit and a processor with the Dc battery serving asthe``backup``for storage, while the electronic circuit could basically be seenas the inverter. An inverter is an electronic circuit for converting directcurrent (DC) to alternating current (AC). Inverters are used in a wide rangeof application from small-switched power supply for a computer to largeelectric utility applications to transport bulk power. It allows the 12 or 24volt (battery) Dc power available in an automobile or from solar panels tosupply (AC) power to operate equipment that is normally supplied from a power source.1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMInverters generally are made to give an AC output. However, most invertersin the market today use oscillators that produce square pulse or rough sinewave. This result in noise in the output, which calls for an inverter with anoutput that is an approximate sine wave thereby reducing the noise.1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVEThe aim of this project is to design and construct a 3KW inverter with littleor no noise. This is to be realized by achieving the following specificationobjectives;-Design and construction of a CD4047 based oscillator circuit.-Implementation of a fine slow charging unit to recharge the battery-Implementation of an automatic switch unit from charge to supply

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