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Study Guide Chapter 1&2

Study Guide Chapter 1&2

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CHAPTER1/HistoricalandContemporaryNursingPractice
C.TeacherD.ClientAdvocateE.CounselorF.ChangeAgentG.LeaderH.ManagerI.CaseManagerJ.ResearchConsumerK.ExpandedCareerRolesIV.CriteriaofaProfessionA.SpecializedEducationB.BodyofKnowledgeC.ServiceOrientationD.OngoingResearchE.CodeofEthicsF.AutonomyG.ProfessionalOrganizationV.SocializationtoNursingA.CriticalValuesofNursing
KEYTOPICREVIEW
VI.FactorsInfluencingContemporaryNursingPracticeA.EconomicsB.ConsumerDemandsC.FamilyStructureD.ScienceandTechnologyE.InformationandTelecommunicationsF.LegislationG.DemographyH.TheCurrentNursingShortageI.CollectiveBargaining1.NursingAssociationsVII.NursingOrganizationsA.AmericanNursesAssociationB.CanadianNursesAssociationC.NationalLeagueforNursingD.InternationalCouncilofNursesE.NationalStudentNurses'AssociationF.InternationalHonorSociety:SigmaThetaTau
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I.Thefourfunctionsidentifiedwithinthescopeofnursingpracticeare:a.b.c.
d.
2.Theroleofreligiousordersonthedevelopmentofnursinginclude:a.instillingthevaluesofhardwork.b.influencingtheimageofnursing.c.identifyinganincreasedneedfornurses.d.imprintingtheprofessionasinvolvinghardwork.e.improvingthestatusofnursing.3.Thecontemporarynursingleaderwhodefinednursingis:a.ClaraBarton.b.FlorenceNightingale.c.LindaRichards.d.VirginiaHenderson.4.Anurseregisteredtopracticeinonestateisrelocatingtoanotherneighboringstate.Whatshouldthisnursedotoensuretheabilitytoworkasanurseinthenewstate?a.Nothing.Thenurseisregisteredasanurse.b.Contactthestate'sdepartmentofnursing.c.Enrollinaschoolofnursinginthenewstate.d.Filethepaperworktotakethenewstate'snursinglicensingexamination.5.Fromthefollowinglist,selectthedefinitionthatbestdefinesthefollowing:a.CaregiverHelpstheclientmodifybehaviors.b.CommunicatorThiscanbeprovidedbythenurseordelegatedtosomeoneelse.c.TeacherSupervisesandevaluatesperformance.d.ClientadvocateSensitivetoprotectingtherightsofhumansubjects.e.CounselorActstoprotecttheclient.f.ChangeagentInfluencesotherstoworktogethertoreachacommongoal.g.LeaderDoneverballyorwritten.~h.ManagerCareisorientedtotheclientandcontrolscosts.i.CasemanagerHelpspromotepersonalgrowth.j.ResearchconsumerAssessreadinesstolearn.
 
CHAPTER1/HistoricalandContemporaryNursingPractice
3
I
I;
6.Thetermsusedtoidentifytherecipientsofnursingare:
I~
a.
b.
and(DRGs).
)
c.7.Ofthefollowingnursing.roles,selecttheonesthatprovidemoreautonomywithinthepracticeofnursing.a.Nurseanesthetistb.Staffnurseonanorthopedicunitc.Operatingroomnursed.Clinicalnursespecialiste.Nurseinaphysician'soffice8.Theprocessanurseundergoesinefforttobeviewedasanintegralmemberofthedisciplineofnursingistermed_9.AnurseisinterestedinparticipatingwiththeAmericanNursesAssociation.Participatingwiththisorganizationisanexampleof:a.autonomy.b.governance.c.extendededucation.d.service.10.Thepurposeofnursingstudentsworkingtogetheronprojectsisto:a.begintheprocessofsocializationintotheprofession.b.getmoreworkdonefaster.c.helpeachotherthroughdifficultcourses.d.makenewfriends.II.ThepaymentsforhospitalservicesimplementedbyMedicarearetermed12.Anursewhoprovidescaretoapatientoverthetelephonewillneedto:a.obtainlicensureinthepatient'sstateofresidence.b.takeacourseintelenursing.c.findoutifthepatient'sstateisoneofmutualrecognitionforlicensure.d.donothing.13.ThePatientSelf-DeterminationActrequiresthateverypatientbeprovidedwith
FOCUSEDSTUDYTIPS
1.Whyisitimportanttoreviewthehistoryofnursingasoneofthefirststepsintheeducationofanewnurse?Whatvaluedoesunderstandingthehistoryofnursingprovidetothecontemporarynursingstudent?2.Whatarethecharacteristicsofaprofession?Howdoesnursingaddresseachofthesecharacteristics?3.WhatareBenner'sfivestagesofnursingpractice?
In
whichstageisanurseconsideredproficient?Why?4.Howhaveeconomics,consumerdemands,andthefamilystructureimpactedtheprofessionofnursing?5.Anursewhohasbeenintheprofessionforover25yearsdoesnotknowhowtooperateacomputer.Whatsuggestionsdoyouhavetohelpthisnurse?Whyshouldthisnursebeconcernedwiththeinabilitytoutilizecurrenttechnology?
I
II
 
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CHAPTER1
I
HistoricalandContemporaryNursingPractice
6.Identifythereasonsforthecurrentnursingshortage.Howwillthisaffectthefutureeducationofnewnursesenteringtheprofession?7.Thenursesinahospitalarecontactingalaborunion.Whydoyouthinkthenursesarecontactingthisunion?Whatbenefitswillbegainedbyworkingwithaunion?Whatdisadvantagesareassociatedwithnursesworkingwithaunion?8.GototheCompanionWebsite(www.prenhal1.comlberman)andclickontheSigmaThetaTauandtheAmericanAssociationofCollegesofNursing(AACN)weblinks.Whatdothesetwoorganizationsrepresentinnursing?Whatarethedifferencesbetweenthetwositesandwhatarethesimilarities?Isthereinformationthatyoucouldrefertoifyouwantedtocontinueyoureducationinnursing?Whichsiteofferscontinuingeducationunits(CEUs)fornurses?ExploreothernursingsitessuchasAmericanNursingAssociation(ANA)andAmericanAcademyofCollegesinNursing(AACN).
CASESTUDY
Aclientwithadult-onsetasthmaisattemptingtoquithistwo-pack-per-daytobaccohabit.Thenurse,whohasbeenpracticingfor
4
years,isassistingtheclientwithsupportivemeasurestoimprovehishealthstatus.Thenurseisdiscussingtheplanofcarewiththephysician.
1.
Whatroleisthenurseactinginbyrepresentingtheclient'sneedsandwishesandassistingtheclientinbehaviormodificationplans?2.Thenurseisintheprocessofassistingtheclienttorecognizeandcopewithboththeasthmaconditionandthetobaccocessationprogram.Thenurseisactingasachangeagent,andwhatotherroleisthenurserepresenting?3.AccordingtoBenner'sstagesofnursingexpertise,inwhatstageisthenursefunctioning?
REVIEWQUESTIONS
1.Afemaleisconsideringacareerasanursebecauseoftheaspectsofcaringandnurturing.Thisindividualisusingwhichfactorofnursingtobaseherdecision?1.Women'sroles2.Religion3.War4.Economics2.Aregisterednurseisconsideringadditionaleducationsothatshecanprovidenon-emergentacutecareinanambulatoryclinic.Thisnurseisconsideringwhichexpandedcareerrole?I.Nurseanesthetist2.Clinicalnursespecialist3.Nursepractitioner4.Nurseadministrator3.Anurseisabletoprovidecaretoseveralcomplexclientsandfocusesonthoseitemsthatarethemostimportant.WithinwhichstageofBenner'sstagesofnursingexpertiseisthisnursefunctioning?1.StageII2.StageIII3.StageIV4.StageV
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