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21.2Properties of Fluids
21.3.1Pressures on Submerged Plane Surfaces
21.3.2Pressure on Submerged Curved Surfaces
21.4Submerged and Floating Bodies
21.7.1Similitude for Physical Models
21.7.2Types and Applications of Mathematical Models
21.8Laminar Flow
21.9.1Darcy-Weisbach Formula
21.9.2Chezy Formula
21.9.3Manning’s Formula
21.9.4Hazen-Williams Formula
21.10Minor Losses in Pipes
21.11.1Orifice Discharge into Free Air
21.11.2Submerged Orifices
21.11.3Discharge under Falling Head
21.11.4Fluid Jets
21.11.5Orifice Discharge into Short Tubes
21.11.6Orifice Discharge into Diverging Conical Tubes
21.13.1Instantaneous Closure
21.13.2Gradual Closure
21.13.3Surge Tanks
21.14Pipe Stresses Perpendicular to the Longitudinal Axis
21.15Pipe Stresses Parallel to the Longitudinal Axis
21.16Temperature Expansion of Pipe
21.17Forces Due to Pipe Bends
21.18Culverts on Critical Slopes or Steeper
21.19Culverts on Subcritical Slopes
21.20Entrance Losses for Culverts
21.21Basic Elements of Open Channels
21.22Normal Depth of Flow
21.23Critical Depth of Open- Channel Flow
21.24Manning’s Equation for Open Channels
21.25Water-Surface Profiles for Gradually Varied Flow
21.26Backwater-Curve Computations
21.27.1Depth and Head Loss in a Hydraulic Jump
21.27.2Jump in Horizontal Rectangular Channels
21.27.3Hydraulic Jump as an Energy Dissipator
21.27.4Length of Hydraulic Jump
21.27.5Location of a Hydraulic Jump
21.28Flow at Entrance to a Steep Channel
21.29Flow at Entrance to a Channel of Mild Slope
21.30Channel Section of Greatest Efficiency
21.31Subcritical Flow around Bends in Channels
21.32Supercritical Flow around Bends in Channels
21.33Transitions in Open Channels
21.34.1Types of Weirs
21.34.2Rectangular Sharp-Crested Weirs
21.34.3Triangular or V-Notch Sharp-Crested Weirs
21.34.4Trapezoidal Sharp- Crested Weirs
21.34.5Submerged Sharp-Crested Weirs
21.34.6Weirs Not Sharp-Crested
21.34.7Submergence of Weirs Not Sharp-Crested
21.34.8The Ogee-Crested Weir
21.34.9Broad-Crested Weir
21.34.10Weirs of Irregular Section
21.35.1Sediment Deposition in Reservoirs
21.35.2Prediction of Sediment- Delivery Rate
21.36Erosion Control
21.38Evaporation and Transpiration
21.40Sources of Hydrologic Data
21.41.1Method for Determining Runoff for Minor Hydraulic Structures
21.41.2Method for Determining Runoff for Major Hydraulic Structures
21.43Water Consumption
21.44Water-Supply Sources
21.45Quality Standards for Water
21.46.1Plain Sedimentation
21.47Filtration Processes
21.48Water Softening
21.49Disinfection with Chlorine
21.50Carbonate Stability
21.51Miscellaneous Treatments
21.52.1Distribution Reservoirs
21.52.2Reservoir Trap Efficiency
21.53.2Flow From Wells
21.53.3Excavation of Wells
21.53.4Well Equipment
21.54.5Economic Sizing of Distribution Piping
21.54.6Pipe Materials
21.55Corrosion in Water Distribution Systems
21.56Centrifugal Pumps
21.57Well Pumps
21.59Fire Hydrants
21.60Metering Devices
21.61Water Rates
21.62Hydroelectric-Power Generation
21.64Hydraulic Turbines
21.65.2Intake Structures
21.65.3Crest Gates
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21 - Water Resources Engineering

21 - Water Resources Engineering

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Published by: Napoleon Pasamonte Cariño on Mar 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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