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PENGARUH JENIS ASAM DAN pH PADA PEMURNIAN RESIDU GLISEROL DARI HASIL SAMPING PRODUKSI BIODIESEL (The Effect of Kinds of Acid and pH in Glycerol Residues Purrification From Biodiesel Production )

PENGARUH JENIS ASAM DAN pH PADA PEMURNIAN RESIDU GLISEROL DARI HASIL SAMPING PRODUKSI BIODIESEL (The Effect of Kinds of Acid and pH in Glycerol Residues Purrification From Biodiesel Production )

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Published by Ulfa Rahmi
USU Medan
USU Medan

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Published by: Ulfa Rahmi on Mar 11, 2011
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06/04/2014

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PENGARUH JENIS ASAM DAN pH PADA PEMURNIANRESIDU GLISEROL DARI HASIL SAMPINGPRODUKSI BIODIESELSKRIPSIULFA RAHMI020802026DEPARTEMEN KIMIAFAKULTAS MATEMATIKA DAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN ALAMUNIVERSITAS SUMATERA UTARAMEDAN2006
ABSTRAK
 Residu gliserol yang merupakan limbah dari industri-industri oleokimia seperti pada pabrik biodiesel, dapat di gunakan kembali . Teknik-teknik pengambilan kembali yangmelibatkan proses ekstraksi asam-basa telah dikembangkan sehingga residu gliserol
 
terpisah menjadi tiga komponen yaitu gliserol kasar, asam-asam lemak dan garam-garam anorganik. Gliserol kasar yang mengandung sabun diasidifikasi dengan penambahan asam untuk menguraikannya menjadi asam-asam lemak yang kemudiandilakukan netralisasi untuk kelebihan asam. Untuk menghasilkan kualitas dan kuantitasmaksimum dari gliserol maka dilakukan penelitian pengaruh jenis asam dan pH terhadap pemurnian residu gliserol dengan menggunakan H 
2
SO
4
dan H 
3
PO
4
dan variasi pH 2; 3; dan 4. Karakterisasi kualitas produk dilakukan melalui uji kadar gliserolmenggunakan kromatografi gas, uji kadar asam lemak bebas dengan metode titrasiasidimetri, uji kadar air dengan metode pemanasan, uji kadar abu dengan metode pemanasan dengan tanur, uji densitas dengan menggunakan piknometer dan hasil akhir  produk gliserol dengan penimbangan berat produk. Dan dari data hasil penelitian yangdiperoleh, dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan H 
3
PO
4
menghasilkan kualitas dankuantitas produk yang lebih baik daripada H 
2
SO
4
. Dan produk maksimum diperoleh pada penggunaan H 
3
PO
4
pada pH 3 yang menghasilkan kadar gliserol 89,2446%; kadar asam lemak bebas 2,6347%; kadar air 4,417%; kadar abu 5,4667%; densitas 1,3030;dan hasil akhir gliserol yang diperoleh sebesar 47,58%
 
vii
The Effect of Kinds of Acid and pH in Glycerol Residues PurrificationFrom Biodiesel ProductionABSTRACT
The glycerol residue is one of the waste generated by oleochemicals industry such as inbiodiesel plant, and can be recovered. A recovery technique which involves an acid-based extraction was developed in which the glycerol residue was separated into threecomponents, crude glycerol, fatty acids and inorganic salts. The crude glycerol whichcontains soaps, was acidified with the addition of acid to crack the soap to become the fatty acids and then was neutralized for the acids residues. For having the maximumquality and quantity of glycerol, the research has been done about the effect of kinds of acid and pH in glycerol residue purification by using H 
3
PO
4
and H 
2
SO
4
and the pH 
variety 2; 3; 4. The characterization of product’s quality was done by
measuring glycerolcontent by gas chromatography, the free fatty acid content by acidimetric titration, themoisture content by heating methode, the ash content by destruction methode in muffle furnace, the density test by using picnometer, and the yield by measurement the weight of  product The result in this research, could be summarized that H 
3
PO
4
produce a better  product than H 
2
SO
4
. And the maximum product was got by using H 
3
PO
4
in pH 3 whichwas produce glycerol content 89,2446%; 2,6347% ffa; 4,417% moisture; 5,4667% ash;1,3030 gr/ml density; and 47,58% yield.

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