10. What were the causes of the decline of feudalism?11. Mention the state systems of the Aztecs, Mayas and Peru12. What were the main perspectives of Humanism?
Answer any THREE questionsSection 3 (15 marks)
13. How new developments helped European navigators in the 15th century?14. How the early decades of industrialization coincided with the spread of newpolitical ideas?15. Why Dr. Sun-Yet-Sen. is regarded as the founder of modern china?16. What led to the rise of the communist party in china? How new democracy wasestablished in 1949 in china?
Part C (16 Marks)
17. What led to the rise of Islam in Arabia? 8
Mention the learning & cultural perspective of Islam in the central Islamic lands18. What was the Meiji Restoration of Japan? 8
How Japan emerged as a global economic power after the Second World War
Section D (24 Marks)
19. Read the passage and answer the following
The Hadza are a small group of hunters, living in the vicinity of Lake Eyasi, a salt, rift–valley lake…The country of the eastern hazda, dry, rocky savanna, dominated bythorn scrub and acacia trees…. Is rich in wild foods.Elephants, rhinoceros, buffalo, zebra lion, leopard are all common. All of theseanimals except elephants are hunted and eaten by the hazda.Sources of water are widely distributed over the country in the wet season but are fewin the dry season. . Camps are normally sited within a KM of a watercourse.The eastern hazda assert no rights over land and its resources. Any individual maylive anywhere he likes and may hunt animals and draw water anywhere in Hazdacountry without any sort of restrictions…………….
Who were the Hadzas? 1 mark
How did they feed themselves? 2 marks
Why Hazda did not assert their rights over land and resources? 2marks
Why did the size of location of camps keep changing from season to season?3 marks
OR The Yasa
In 1221, after the conquest of Bukhara, Genghis Khan had assembled the rich Muslimresidents at the festival ground and had admonished them. He called them sinnersand warned them to compensate for their sins by parting with their hidden wealth. Theepisode was dramatic enough to be painted and for a long time afterwards people stillremembered the incident. In the late 16th century, Abdullah Khan, a distant