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Revolt Against Mubarak - What It Means for India

Revolt Against Mubarak - What It Means for India

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Published by GRK Murty

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Published by: GRK Murty on Mar 11, 2011
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03/11/2011

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Revolt Against Mubarak:What It Means for India
GRK Murty
 
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An improbable feat, an unimaginable feat till it happened, took place inEgypt: immediately after the Friday prayers, hundreds of thousands of people bravely took to the streets in Cairo. Shedding off decades of fear, Egyptians of all ages and religions, driven by the simple desire of 
bettering their lives, assembled in Cairo’s Tahrir Square, demanding an
end to the 30-year rule of Hosni Mubarak. This collective demand fordriving out a regime, which was considered to be the most entrenched,was peaceful
people did not resort to violence even when provoked
by the regime’s thugs. That this locally originated and well
-organizedpeaceful movement, backed by the strong determination of people,could finally drive out the dictatorial regime in just 18 days, that toowithout any external assistance, it is indeed a rare and incredible
display of ‘people power’.
What a transformation for the image of the Arab world! Driven by
this newfound courage, young crowds started greeting themselves, “Lift
up your head, you a
re Egyptian.” The ousting of the Mubarak regime bysheer people’s power has sparked an explosion of national pride that
was unseen for decades, as could be sensed from the utterances from
Tahrir Square: “We were buried, but now we have emerged.” True,
under the stultifying leadership of Mubarak, the national psyche hadbeen pummeled as Egypt lost its regional leadership in every sphere
 
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economically, culturally and diplomatically it appeared to have beenovertaken by the neighbors.During the past few years, Egypt had been overpowered bydespondency and self-loathing
a country that enjoyed a vibrantParliamentary tradition earlier, had turned into a land of tyranny.Mubarak, who initially wanted to rule for two terms, turned out to be apresident for lifetime. Over the years, becoming imperious anddismissive, he bent Egypt to his will. As press reports indicate, his highlyambitious wife, Suzanne, with her haughty manners and a strong tastefor wealth and power, and his son, who was seen as the one preparingto inherit the reins from his aging father, had further inflamed thediscontent of the people.
Aside from this western analysis of Mubarak’s downfall, the real
cause for the revolt is: economics. At a time, when the economicreforms have become the darling of the globe and countries like China,Brazil and even Indonesia are bringing more people out of poverty, thattoo, at a faster rate than human history has ever witnessed, Egyptsimply stayed out of it. Under per capita income, it ranked 137 amongthe world nations
40% of its people live on less than $2 a day, while44% of its population is illiterate. Its crony inefficiency has been well-

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