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Forward Biased Condition:
Reverse biased condition:
Tabular column: Forward Bias:
S. No Vf (volts) If (mA)
Reverse Bias:
S. No Vr (volts) Ir (µA)
Graph ( instructions)
Graph:
Calculations from Graph:
Post lab Questions:
Conclusion
Particulars Max. Marks Marks Obtained
1.2 ZENER DIODE CHARACTERISTICS
Pre lab Questions:
S. No Vf (volts) If (mA)
Reverse Biased condition:
Tabular column:
Forward Bias:
S. No Vr (volts) Ir (mA)
Model Graph
Result:
2. COMMON EMITTER CONFIGURATIONS
Pin Assignment:
Pre lab Questions
Input Characteristics
Output Characteristics
Tabular Column:
Input characteristics:
Output characterstics:
IB = 30 µA IB = 60 µA VCE (volts) Ic (mA) VCE (volts) Ic (mA)
Input characteristics Output characteristics
Calculations from graph:
1. Input resistance:
2. Output resistance:
Inference:
Post lab Questions
3. COMMON COLLECTOR CONFIGURATION
Experiment: Input Characteristics:
4. FET CHARACTERISTICS
S. No Apparatus Type Range Quantiy
Pin assignment of FET:
DRAIN CHARACTERISTICS
TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS:
Graph (Instructions):
Drain Resistance (rd) :
Trans-Conductance (gm) :
Amplification Factor (µ) :
5. CHARACTERISTICS OF LDR,PHOTODIODE,PHOTOTRANSISTOR
LDR
Photodiode
LDR:
Phototransistor:
Photodiode:
6.1 HALF WAVE RECTIFIER
OBJECTIVE:
HARDWARE REQUIRED:
INTRODUCTION:
AVERAGE OR DC VALUE OF CURRENT
The RMS VALUE OF CURRENT Vrms = Vm/2
RECTIFICATION FACTOR:
PERCENTAGE OF REGULATION:
Peak – inverse – voltage PIV:
PRELAB QUESTIONS:
MODEL GRAPH:
PRECAUTIONS:
EXPERIMENT:
GRAPH ( instructions):
FORMULAE:
OBSERVATIONS:
Input WaveformOutput Waveform Ripple Voltage
RESULT:
6.2 FULL WAVE RECTIFIER
MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS (Neglecting Rf and Rs)
AVERAGE OR DC VALUE OF CURRENT Idc
The RMS VALUE OF CURRENT
RECTIFICATION FACTOR
PERCENTAGE OF REGULATION
Formulae:
Observations:
Amplitude
Time Period
Frequency
6.3 FULL WAVE BRIDGE RECTIFIER
S. No Apparatus Range Type
Line Regulation:
Where:
Prelab Question:
SERIES VOLTAGE REGULATOR – CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
Tabulation
Post Lab Question:
S.No Apparatus Range Type
SHUNT VOLTAGE REGULATOR – CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
DESIGN
PROCEDURE
Line regulation
TABULATION
9. V-I CHARACTERISTICS OF LED
Objective :
S. No Apparatus Range Quantity
Introduction:
Function
Connecting and soldering
Testing an LED
Colours of LEDs
Calculating an LED resistor value
R = (VS - VL) / I
For example
Connecting LEDs in series
Example calculations:
Desired characteristics:
Basic LED configuration:
Pre Lab questions :
Reverse bias:
Experimental procedure:
Post Lab questions:
10. CHARACTERISTICS OF THERMISTOR
Applications:
Pre Lab questions:
Post Lab Questions:
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ec0221_ed_lab_manual[1]

# ec0221_ed_lab_manual[1]

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07/30/2013

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