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Word Exercise

Word Exercise

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Published by diketsomom

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: diketsomom on Mar 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/11/2011

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MThe following is a brief explanation of the standard computer keyboard. It is not meant to becomprehensive but is designed to give first time keyboard users an overall peekat how the board is designed. Computer beginners should not be intimidated bythe keyboard, as it is merely an instrument that can be quickly understood - andmastered.
To begin it should be noted that most keyboards have a two-colour combination. That isdesigned to assist in visual recognition for ease of operation. First time keyboard usersare advised to study the colour ranges very carefully.
Experienced keyboard users will recognise that the main body of the keyboardsdesigned to conform to the standard ‘QWERTY’ layout. That name is derivedfrom the first five letters of the top row of the standard lettered keys.The key to the extreme left of the top row is the ‘Esc’ key. This key has numeroususes, all of which relate to ‘escaping’ from a program or ‘situation’. The use of thekey depends on the program being used and varies in individual programs. Itsspecific use in specific programs must be learned but it wise to keep it in mindand to use it when there is a need to escape from a problem.On the top right hand side of the keyboard are three keys marked ‘Print Screen’.
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‘Scroll Lock’ and ‘Pause Break’. The uses of these three are obscure and arerarely used. For beginners they can be forgotten.Along the top of the standard keyboard is a row of ‘F’ keys. Like the ‘Esc’ keyeach of these keys have certain functions that vary with different programs. For example, in ‘Word For Windows’ the ‘F7’ key opens up the ‘Spell Checker’. In thesame program the ‘F12’ key ‘saves’ an open document. ‘F5’ opens a function tolet you ‘Go to’ a location in your document. It almost universal in computer programs for the F1 key to be used to open a help menu.In addition to individual functions the ‘F’ keys are used frequently in conjunctionwith other keys. For example the ‘Shift’ key, the ‘CTRL’ (Control) key and the‘ALT’ key are frequently used either on their own or in conjunction with thelettered keys. In ‘Word for Windows’ the ‘F7’ key (used normally for the spellchecker), when used with the ‘Shift’ key, opens up a ‘Thesaurus’ function. ‘Shift’and F3 when used together will toggle, or change, selected text from upper caseto lower case and vice versa.The keys along the top of the main keyboard have two uses. For example, thekey with number ‘4’ on it also has a dollar ‘$’ sign on it. To type the dollar signyou hold down the ‘Shift’ key and hit the number ‘4’ key. The ‘Shift’ key is used totype all of the symbols on the topside of each key.The ‘CAPS’ lock, when pressed down, makes every letter print as Upper Case.IF YOU PRESS THE CAPS LOCK KEY DOWN ALL THE LETTERS AREPRINTED IN CAPITALS (UPPER CASE). Pressing down the ‘Caps Lock’ asecond time returns the key to its normal function. On the Internet typing in upper case is known as ‘shouting’ and is frowned on in the computer world because it ismore difficult to read than the standard use of UPPER and lower cases.The ‘Space Bar’, the long key in the lower center of the keyboard, is used to putspaces between words and sentences. It is standard practice to put one spacebetween words and two spaces between sentences.The ‘Tabulation’ key is used to ‘push’ the typing along the line in specifieddistances. For example, if you wish to indent the first line of every paragraph thenit is wise to use the ‘Tab’ key. It is UNWISE to use the space bar for this purposefor two reasons. One is that you may miscount the spaces and secondly, thespace bar does not give an even or regular distance from the margin thus makingyour document look untidy and uneven.The ‘Enter’ key is one of the most important keys on the board. In a wordprocessor it makes another line when you hit it but it has other functions. It hasthe function of ‘executing’ or ‘doing’ a command in the same way a mouse clickdoes. Every time the ‘Enter’ key is struck a command is ‘executed’.Slightly to the right of the keyboard, and below the ‘Print Screen’ group, is acluster of six keys.The ‘Insert’ key in this group serves to overwrite or insert keystrokes. For example, if you are typing and you find the existing words are being pushedalong in front of the new typing then blame the insert key. Press the key and you
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