atmosphere thus generated by the media considerably contributed to theundermining of the harmonious social order and legitimacy of the state.
During the last two decades, the Indian media have undergone a sea change, particularlyin their intellectual content and cultural ambience. There are two sources from which thetransformation draws sustenance and inspiration: one emanating from outside and theother internally generated. The first, which seeks to subordinate the media to globalcontrol, comes with a variety of promises — of development, technology andinternationalism — extremely appealing to the modernising quest of the middle class.The baggage also includes access to the advanced frontiers of knowledge and the culturalavant garde. The political and intellectual discourse, which it might generate, is likely toinfluence the nature and direction of social transformation. Whether it would lead to anintellectual climate in favour of a mode of development that may not address the problems of the nation is a fear entertained in many quarters. Even without actual control,the Indian mainstream media appear to have succumbed to the cultural imperatives of adevelopmental paradigm that leaves out the traditions from its concerns.Internally, the media confront a powerful secular/left discourse generated by a variety of political, social and cultural organisations. Sociologists from JNU and other leftestablishment, leftist political parties over the decades have established links with foreignuniversities in UK/USA on social changes and social studies. The discussion on socialchanges using left/Marxist ideology has dominated the intellectual space. Marxist principles on social changes and social studies have dominated these subjects for manydecades. Foreign sociologists, indologists and political experts have dangerous influenceon the discourse of these Indian political and social organizations. The media, at least amajor section of them, have over the years internalised the logic to such an extent that ithas become the instrument of its reproduction. For example the reservations on backwardcastes and dalits have prior debate among these circles in UK/USA for many years. If stereotypes like `Hindu communalism' and `Hindu fascists' or the `majoritycommunalism' have become part of the common sense, the public discourse created bythe media, even if unconsciously by some, is to a large extent responsible. The religiousdivide categories are rampant in reporting and false social assumptions inform newsanalysis, even in newspapers that are otherwise secular.The colonial ideologue, JamesMill, who characterised Indian society in terms of religious communities in conflict stillappears to exert influence on our minds.Consequently, the traditional middle ground space in the media has considerably shrunk. Not because of the secular-communal divide that is artificially created but more becausethe left/secular has succeeded in replacing the traditional Hindu middle. The logic of theleft/secular is increasingly becoming respectable in almost every newspaper establishment. The legitimacy thus gained by the secular/left intellectual, often throughcrude and false representations, helps to change the popular commonsense about keyconcepts like nationalism, secularism and communalism. This tendency has considerablyimpaired the fundamental commitment of the media to truth. The truth, however elusive itis, is not an avoidable luxury, as is believed at least by certain sections of the media, particularly the left. Social engineers