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Factory Act 1948

Factory Act 1948

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Published by Malaiappasamy.G.A.
This is for reference of Health,Safety and Environment Management Students/Professionals
This is for reference of Health,Safety and Environment Management Students/Professionals

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Published by: Malaiappasamy.G.A. on Mar 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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(Mumbai, 28th March, 1996)G.S.R. 253.  In exercise of the powers conferred by sections 41, 49, 50, 76, 83, 112 and allother enabling sections of the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948), read with sections 23 and 30 of the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 (33 of 1962) and in supersession of the Atomic Energy (Factories)Rules, 1984, except as respect things done or omitted to be done before such supersession, theCentral Government hereby makes the following rules, namely the Atomic Energy (Factories)Rules, 1996
PRELIMINARY1. Short title, application and commencement 
(1) These rules may be called the Atomic Energy (Factories) Rules, 1996.(2) They shall apply to all factories owned by the Central Government and engaged incarrying out the purposes of the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 (33 of 1962).(3) They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the OfficialGazette.
2. Definitions 
In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires,(a) “Act” means the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948);(b) “Certifying Surgeon” means the medical officer of the factory concerned;(c) “Competent Authority” means any officer or authority appointed by the CentralGovernment by notification in the Official Gazette for the purposes of these rules;(d) “Form” means forms set out in the appendix to these rules;(e) “Indian Standard” means the Indian Standard as defined in clause (g) of section 2 of theBureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 (63 of 1986);(f) “Inspector” means an officer appointed under section 8 of the Act and includes theCompetent Authority;(g) “Manager” of the factory means the person responsible to the occupier for the working of the factory for the purposes of the Act;(h) Words and expressions used but not defined in these rules shall have the meaningsrespectively assigned to them in the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948);
3. Approval of plans 
(1) Every proposal for obtaining the previous permission for locating the site on which thefactory is to be situated or for the construction or expansion of a factory shall be made to theCompetent Authority in writing and shall be accompanied by the document specified in sub-rule(2).
- Extension for the purpose of these rules shall include any modification to theprocess, equipments, alterations in lay-outs & structures.(2) The following documents shall accompany every proposal made under sub-rule (1),namely (a) a flow chart of the manufacturing process supplemented by a brief description of theprocess in its various stages;(b) plans in duplicate drawn to scale showing 
(i) the site of the factory and lands, buildings and other structures, roads, drains to itsNorth, South, East and West respectively to the extent such `particulars can withreasonable accuracy be described;(ii) the plan, elevation and necessary cross-section of the various buildings, indicatingall relevant information relating to lighting, ventilation clearly indicating the positionof the plant, machinery, aisles and passageways, and the safety measures provided forescape and evacuation of persons employed in the factory in case of emergency;(c) details of exhaust ventilation and control of gaseous releases and such other factorscontrolling the work environment;(d) arrangements made for effluent treatment and discharges;(e) safety analysis and emergency plans, and such other particulars as the competentauthority may require; and(f) number of persons likely to be employed during the construction/operation at anyparticular time.(3) The decision of the Competent Authority that the plans are in consonance with therequirements of the Act, subject to such conditions as it may specify, shall be final. Approvalshall be communicated to the applicant under the signature of the Competent Authority on onecopy of each of the plans. The Competent Authority may if he thinks fit, call for such otherparticulars required for such certification from the applicant which shall be complied with bythe applicant within the period prescribed.
4. Prohibition of use of premises as factory without approval
 No occupier shall use anypremises as a factory for the purposes of the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 except with the approvalof the Competent Authority.

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