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Table Of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Scope of the research work
1.2 Motivation
1.2.1 Motivation for real-time temperature prediction algorithms
environmental parameters from the temperature response of a cable
1.3 Research methods
1.4 Contributions of this thesis
1.5 Organisation of this thesis
2 The step response of cables
of installation environments
2.1.1 Line and composite cylindrical sources
2.1.2 Directly buried cables
2.1.3 Cables in non-homogeneous environments
2.2.1 The real-time formulation
2.2.2 The non-linear environment
2.3 Discussion
3 Thermal circuits for the entire cable installation
3.1 The cables
3.2 Equivalent cylindrical modelling
3.2.1 Directly buried cables
3.2.2 Cables in troughs
3.2.3 Cables in tubes
3.2.4 Cables that defy analytical solution
3.3 Mathematical representation of a thermal circuit
3.3.1 The transfer functions
3.4.1 Analysis based on IEC 60277 and IEC60853
3.4.2 The equivalent cylindrical method
3.5 Discussion
4 Changes in the cable environment
4.1 Seasonal variation in the nominal environment
4.2 Moisture migration
4.2.1 The physics
4.2.4 Subdividing the thermal capacitances during moisture migration
4.3 Discussion
5.1 Seasonal changes to the wet thermal parameters
5.2 2-zone moisture migration and the critical radius
5.3 The air interface for cables installed in buried tubes
5.4 Fine tuning for sheath and armour loss factor variation
5.5 Discussion
6 Ambient temperature and external heat sources
6.1 Seasonal variation in ambient temperature
6.2 External heat sources
6.3 Discussion
7 Putting it all together - the full algorithm for temperature prediction
7.1 The cables
7.2 Losses
7.3 The cable environment
7.4 Generating exponential equations with rx and hwet dependence
7.5 The real-time part of the algorithm
7.6 Discussion
8 Results of the temperature predicting algorithm
8.1 A quick note on the finite element method (FEM)
8.2 Comparison with FEM simulations
8.3 Comparison with heating tube
8.4 Comparison with HV cable installation
8.5 Discussion
9 Taking a step back – a dramatic simplification
9.1 Comparisons
9.2 Discussion
measurements
10.1.1 A single thermal loop
10.1.2 Consideration of the environment
10.3 Real-time rating
10.4 Discussion
11 Conclusions
References
Appendix A The main algorithm implemented in Mathcad
Appendix B Miscellaneous derivations
Appendix C Miscellaneous philosophy
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Comprehensive Approach to Real Time Power Cable Temperature Prediction and Rating in Thermally Unstable Environments

Comprehensive Approach to Real Time Power Cable Temperature Prediction and Rating in Thermally Unstable Environments

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Published by: GMC on Mar 12, 2011
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03/12/2011

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