Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
0 of .
Results for:
P. 1
_completehandbook

# _completehandbook

Ratings:
(0)
|Views: 11|Likes:

### Availability:

See more
See less

05/12/2014

pdf

text

original

Triangles
Right Triangles
Pythagorean Theorem:
a b c
2 2 2
+ =
Geometric relationships:
h de
2
=
a dc
2
=
Median to hypotenuse:
mc
=
2
General Triangles
Law of Sines:sin sin sin
AaBbc
= =
Law of Cosines:
c a b ab
2 2 2
2
= +
cos
In the following formulas, the semiperimeter is
sa b c
=+ +
2,
is the area of the triangle,
is the radius of the inscribed circle, and
R
is the radius of the circumscribed circle.Area:
K ab C h c
c
= =
1212sinHeron’s Formula:
K s s a s b s c
= − −
s
=
Rabc
=
4,
Rc
=
2sin

Cevians
A cevian is any segment drawn from the vertex of a triangle to the opposite side.Cevians with special properties include altitudes, angle bisectors, and medians. Let
h
c
,
c
,and
m
c

represent the altitude, angle bisector, and median to side c, respectively.
Altitudes
:The altitudes of a triangleintersect at the
orthocenter
.
h a B
c
=
sin
hc
c
=
2
Angle Bisectors:
The angle bisectors of a triangleintersect at the
incenter
, the centerof the triangle’s inscribed circle.Angle Bisector Theorem:
ambn
=
Length of an Angle Bisector:
t abca b
c
= +
G
1
22 2
Medians:
The medians of a triangle intersect at the
centroid
.Along the median, the distance from a vertexto the centroid is twice the distance from thecentroid to the opposite side.Length of a Median:
ma b c
c
= +
2 2 2
2 2 4

Stewart’s Theorem
If a cevian of length
is drawn and dividesside
c
into segments
m
and
n
, then
a n b m c d mn
2 2 2
+ = +
( )
Ceva’s Theorem
A necessary and sufficient conditionfor AD, BE, CF, where D, E, and Fare points on the respective side linesBC, CA, AB of a triangle ABC, tobe concurrent is that
BD CE AF DC EA FB
= +
where all segments in the formulaare directed segments.Ex. Suppose AB, AC, and BC have lengths 13, 14, and 15. If AF:FB = 2:5 andCE:EA = 5:8. If BD =
x
and DC =
y
, then
10x = 40y
, and
x + y = 15
. Solving,we have
x = 12
and
y = 3
.
Menelaus’ Theorem
A necessary and sufficient conditionfor points D, E, F on the respective sidelines BC, CA, AB of a triangle ABCto be collinear is that
BD CE AF DC EA FB
=
where all segments in the formulaare directed segments.