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Structural Engineering Lab 1

# Structural Engineering Lab 1

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11/22/2012

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Experiment Number 1


Determination of Stiffness of a model frame.

Introduction to Dynamic Analysis of Structures

Experiment Number 1


Determination of Stiffness of a model frame.
Dynamic loads can be regular loads i.e. sinusoidal or Harmonic type of loads. Dynamic loads can behighly irregular or random loads. Dynamic loads in case of vibratory machinery are regular types of loadswhere as in case of winds and earth quake these loads are highly irregular or random type loads.
Structural Analysis
Static Analysis
Function of Spaceonly.
Dynamic Analysis

Experiment Number 1


Determination of Stiffness of a model frame.
Dynamic Equilibrium
The force equilibrium of a multi-degree-of-freedom lumped mass system as a function of time can beexpressed by the following relationship:……… eq. (1)In which the force vectors at time
t
are

F
(t)I
is a vector of inertia forces acting on the node masses

F
(t)D
is a vector of viscous damping, or energy dissipation, forces

F
(t)S
is a vector of internal forces carried by the structure

F
(t)
is a vector of externally applied loads
Equation (1) is based on physical laws and is valid for both linear and nonlinear systems if equilibrium isformulated with respect to the deformed geometry of the structure. For many structural systems, theapproximation of linear structural behavior is made in order to convert the physical equilibriumstatement, Equation (1), to the following set of second-order, linear, differential equations:

……… eq. (2)In which
M
is the mass matrix (lumped or consistent),
C
is a viscous damping matrix (which is normally selected to approximate energy dissipation in the realstructure) and
K
is the static stiffness matrix for the system of structural elements.The time-dependent vectors are the absolute node displacements, velocitiesand accelerations, respectively.