Notes on Project: Electronics 2
Refer to Page 24 of the Electronics 2 Laboratory GuideVOLTAGE-CONTROLLED AMPLIFIERYou are required to build one project and six experiments during the semester. The project has to beprepared during your own study time. The theory and practical knowledge needed to enable you to build,adjust to requirements and explain the operation of the project within twenty minutes during assessment inthe laboratory is your responsibility. The written report is due during the last theory class of Week 1 andthe assessment of the built project in the laboratory will be during Week 3.This project has to be studied in detail before you attend the laboratory.Study the theory necessary to understand everything regarding this project, using sources in the libraryand prescribed textbook. Write down all data and information regarding component terminal connections,maximum power ratings, including voltages, currents and power values, safety procedures and asummary of what you are required to do and on what you will be assessed. Include this information in thewritten report you submit during the last theory class period of the first week of lecturing. The report shouldnot be less than two pages and not more than five pages. Do not copy details of the laboratory manual inyour report. No late submissions will be accepted.PREPARATION FOR THE PROJECT [READY TO BE ASSESSED DURING WEEK 3]Examine the given circuit diagram. Be sure how to connect the circuit of an operational amplifier to a splitsupply of +15VDC and -15VDC. Notice how the JFET gate is connected to the negative supply. Why isthat? Revise the operation of a JFET and the principle of the OHMIC REGION and CONSTANTCURRENT REGION of a JFET. Revise the configurations in which an operational amplifier may beconnected. Which components in the circuit diagram determine the gain of the circuit? Write down anequation for the gain of the project circuit in terms of the components in the circuit.Practice constructing the circuit on a breadboard, so that you will be able to repeat the construction from ablank breadboard and adjust the gain as required by the specifications within the first twenty minutes ofthe period during assessment in the laboratory, during Week 3. Compile all the information you gatheredon the theory of operation and references to the sources of information you used. Now write the report youhave to hand in during the first week of lecturing.
Apart from the above requirements, thefollowing needs attention:
Make sure you understand that Q1 does not have aDC voltage across the drain and source. The onlyvoltage across the drain and source of Q1 is theinput voltage (which has to be AC, since DC isremoved by C1) minus the AC voltage across R3.There will only be AC voltage across R3 if theresistance between the drain and source of Q1 isnot infinite. When is the resistance between thedrain and source of a JFET infinite? Explain this byrevising the relationship between V
and theconductivity of the channel between drain andsource.Also, if the output of the Operational Amplifier (atPin 6) is not in saturation (stuck to the supplyvoltages either +Vcc or -Vcc) and the frequencyis within the range A1 may handle, the voltage at Pin 2 should be the same as the voltage at Pin 3(consisting of the AC component of Vin). If the resistance between the drain and source of Q1 is low,current which originates at the output of the operational amplifier (Pin 6) will flow through R3. This current