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21339 Justice and Fairness Final

21339 Justice and Fairness Final

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Published by onganya
What is Justice, what is fairness? What is the link between the two? I s the society applying the two concepts as it should?
What is Justice, what is fairness? What is the link between the two? I s the society applying the two concepts as it should?

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: onganya on Aug 26, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/30/2010

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Equality and FairnessRunning head: EQUALITY AND FAIRNESSEqual Rights: Struggling Toward Fairness NameInstitutionLecturer Course1
 
Equality and FairnessEqual Rights: Struggling Toward FairnessThe debate on rights has been raging for some time, and is still a topic of discussion in manysocial forums. Every country now seems to be moving towards establishing a society ruled by justice and fairness, and for those who find it difficult to instill justice in their leadership findthemselves on the wrong footing of the power wielders in the international arena. They aresimply labeled enemies of humanity and human progress and sanctions slapped on them. They become subjects of international tribunals, irrespective of the positions they hold in their society.The most recent example is the Sudanese president, Hassan Omar Ahmed El Bashir, who has been mentioned by the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court as having grossly violatedthe human rights in the Darfur region of Sudan, and so needs to be tried in the internationalcourt, his status of President of a sovereign state notwithstanding. Sanctions have been slappedagainst leaders like Roberts Mugabe for violating the basic rights of his people.Society as it is framed will ever have classes. It is unthinkable at present to have a classlesssociety as espoused by Karl Marx. The world is turning a global village and competition is allone needs to master, in order to be safe. Despite this, there has to be strong rights organizationsto defend the voice of the minority and the disenfranchised groups in society. After all, one of thefundamental tenets of democracy is the respect for human rights.The Meriam Webster Online Dictionary defines fair as an action marked by impartiality andhonesty. It involves acting without prejudice, favoritism or self interest. Fairness is then acardinal principal that a civilized society should advocate.A right is that which one is entitled. It is an entitlement for the sake of it. It is also that whichone has a just claim over. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights insists on the equality of all human beings. It categorically states that all are born free and that they are equal in all aspects2
 
Equality and Fairness pertaining to dignity and rights. The declaration also stresses on the use of reason andconscience. Discrimination on ground of race, religion, sex, language, skin color, politicalopinion, nationality, among others is highly condemned.In the struggle toward a just society, there should be concerted efforts to guard against anyform of abuse as this would constitute a violation of a right. Society at present is bogged by thedebate on fairness. This is a concept difficult to define, and so has been misused for cheap win of arguments and the ways issues pertaining to it should be addressed. Society has chosen toexplain it for political expedience, meaning that the goal posts would keep on changing. It is for this reason that the civil society has joined in to compel respective governments or institutions to protect what they deem as the fundamental rights, for fairness to be seen to be enforced insociety. This would promote both people’s perception and the reality on the ground on issues of  justice.The struggle towards fairness has been adopted by almost all countries, through theestablishment of institutions charged with the promotion of human rights. In some countries,civil societies have been urged to be louder in the defense and advocacy of human rights.Countries have also included in their constitutions a provision for a bill of rights, though the billis greatly distorted by counter provisions empowering the state to trample on the rights whenever it feels that the enjoyment of the right ‘is a threat to national peace and stability.’ This has promoted abuse in the name of ‘protecting sovereignty’ by dictatorial regimes, eliciting a needfor international action in enforcing these basic rights.Justice may be understood in two ways. The first is about the inherentness of the concept. Inthis understanding, justice is inherent and divine in nature. It supersedes the legal system, andany action which is not in line with the rules of nature is declared unjust (Maiese 2006). In a3

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