12 Chakras f Classical Indian Msic
Melakarta ragas are undamental ragas rom which other ragasmay be generated. For this reason the melakarta ragas arealso known as janaka (parent) ragas. Melakarta ragas are alsoknown as sampoorna ragas as they contain all seven swaras(notes) o the octave in both the ascending and the descendingmode. Tere are 72 melakarta ragas.Te melakarta system o ragas was rst propounded by Raamamaatya in his work Svaramelakalanidhi c. 1550. He isconsidered the ather o the mela system o ragas. Later inthe 17
century, Venkatamakhi expounded a new mela systemin his Chaturdandi Prakasika, known today as the Melakartasystem.Te 72 Melakarta Ragas in both VENKAAMAKHI andGOVINDACHARYA Systems are given or the benet o music lovers. Both Sadja and Panchama are common or all 72Ragas; while Risabha, Gandhara, Madhyama Swaras remain thesame or the 6 Ragas in each Chakra, either Dhaivata or Nisadaor both vary or every Raga. It is KA-A-PA-YA-DI ormula.Te 72 Melakartas are urther subdivided into twelve parts o six ragas each (12 x 6 = 72). Tese 12 parts are called Chakras,and we also have interesting nomenclature or them, whichenable us to nd out the exact Chakra number even rom itsname. Te Chakras are given in the table.