However, it shall be noted that when RET 521 is used, some special settings forthe power transformer data and for DIFP function have to be done in order toobtain required functionality. The special settings required under “PowerTransformer Data” are:
Vector group have to be set as Dd00d00
Rated power for all three windings have to be set to the same value(i.e. Sr1=Sr2=Sr3=rated power of the autotransformer MV winding)
Rated voltages for all three windings have to be set to the same value(i.e. Ur1=Ur2=Ur3=rated phase-to-phase voltage of one of the threewindings, when some voltage function is used on one of the three sides thenthat side rated voltage have to be entered)
Rated currents for all three windings have to be set to the same value(i.e. Ir1=Ir2=Ir3=rated current of MV autotransformer winding)The required settings under “Differential Protection/Basic” are:
Zero-sequence current deduction shall be set to “Off”.
Cross-blocking feature shall be set to “Off”.
Second harmonic blocking shall be set to 20%
Fifth harmonic blocking shall be set to 50%Due to these special settings for this type of application, it might be difficult to usesome other voltage functions in RET 521 terminal like over voltage, under voltage,over excitation and voltage control functions. Care shall be taken about pickupsettings of over current and earth fault functions as well.It should be noted that the RED 521 has different filtering and measuringtechnique than RET 521. Therefore with RET 521 as bias differential protection andRED 521 as current differential protection the requirement for two completelydifferent measuring techniques can be fulfilled.
4. Restricted earth-fault protection for common and serial windings of anautotransformer
Traditionally single-phase high impedance differential relay (i.e. RADHD) was usedfor this application. This differential protection is based on the First Kirchhoff’s Lawapplied to the zero sequence currents only (i.e. sum of all zero-sequence currentsentering one electrical node shall be equal to zero).In order to use this scheme only one common CT in the autotransformer neutral isrequired, but still the three phase main CTs at the autotransformer HV and MVterminals are necessary. Refer to the Fig. 3 for the application principles. Secondharmonic or fifth harmonic stabilization is not necessary with full zero-sequencedifferential current measurement as in this application.This scheme protects the serial and the common winding of the autotransformeragainst all kinds of phase-to-ground faults. It has very good sensitivity for the