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Solid Waste Management

Solid Waste Management

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 A Systems Approach on Solid Waste Management in Metro Manila, PhilippinesRhea Abigail Navarro, LUMES 2002/2003
A Systems Approach on Solid Waste Managementin Metro Manila, Philippines
 
A thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements of theLund University International Master’s Programme in Environmental ScienceLund University, Sweden26 November 2003
Rhea Abigail Navarro
LUMES 2002/2003PO Box 170221 00 Lund, Swedenn.rhea@lycos.com mes02rna@student.lu.se 
Adviser: Torleif Bramryd
Associate Professor, HeadEnvironmental StrategyBox 88225108 Helsingborg, SwedenTorleif.Bramryd@miljostrat.hbg.lu.se 
 
 A Systems Approach on Solid Waste Management in Metro Manila, PhilippinesRhea Abigail Navarro, LUMES 2002/2003
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
My deep gratitude goes to LUMESfor bringing us a wealth of wisdom, experience,and most of all, a new family.I would like to extend my appreciation to…STINT for generously supportingmy studies here in Sweden.my thesis adviser, Torleif Bramrydfor lending me his time and expert advise on Solid Waste Management.Ms. Helen Agacer & Mr. Marcial Sese of the Solid Waste Management Office of MMDAand Ms. Odette Alcantara of Mother Earth Philippinesfor taking time to assist me in my research.my big, international, fun-loving LUMES family…Thank you for embracing me into your midst.I couldn’t have asked for a better group of people to spend a year and a half with..the Cavans, Navarros and Enriquezeswhose untiring and generous support in all my endeavors have cheered me on.Most of all, to the Almighty Father for giving me strength and grace.~~~~~~~~~~This work is dedicated to my family- Dad, Mom, Ate Reanne, Robbie and Tzengi -without whose love and support all is meaningless.
 
 A Systems Approach on Solid Waste Management in Metro Manila, PhilippinesRhea Abigail Navarro, LUMES 2002/2003
ABSTRACT
The matter of solid waste and its management in Metro Manila had catapulted itself into thelimelight in 2000, during which a number of issues plagued the solid waste management (SWM)sector. First came the ‘Payatas Tragedy’ in July when a huge amount of garbage in Payatas, thelargest active open dumpsite in the Philippines, was loosened by heavy rains and caved in on thecommunity of scavengers living around it. Next came the premature closure of the San MateoWaste Disposal Facility (SMWDF), which took in majority of Metro Manila’s solid waste at thattime. Come 2001, a garbage crisis ensued, forcing the regional government to declare a ‘state of emergency’ to obtain assistance from the national government. That same year, the Philippines’first comprehensive SWM law, the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act (RA 9003) whichemphasized community based efforts in material recovery and composting, was passed.Currently, a controlled dump in the outskirts of Metro Manila takes in the bulk of thegenerated solid waste. There is, however, still an impending garbage crisis looming over MetroManila, despite the passing of RA 9003. This study examines the SWM sector in Metro Manila as asystem and identifies the challenges that hinder implementation of RA 9003. The analysis is doneusing statistical data from the National Statistics Office of the Philippines (NSO), the NationalStatistical Coordination Board of the Philippines (NSCB), the Metro Manila DevelopmentAuthority (MMDA) and other data from relevant bodies with causal loop diagrams, as well as,STELLA models as tools for data synthesis. This thesis also endeavors to examine and discuss theeffects of applying user fees, increasing SWM personnel services expenditure, increasingenvironmental education and opening a sanitary landfill using both system analysis toolsmentioned.

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