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P. 1
BAB 4-KEMUNCULAN TAMADUN ISLAM DAN PERKEMBANGANNYA DI MAKKAH

BAB 4-KEMUNCULAN TAMADUN ISLAM DAN PERKEMBANGANNYA DI MAKKAH

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12/24/2012

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BAB 4: KEMUNCULAN TAMADUN ISLAM DAN PERKEMBANGAN DI MAKKAH
1)
 
Zaman Masyarakat Arab Jahiliah
a)
 
Ap
akah
pengerti
a
n J
ah
ili
ah?
 
1.
 
B
ahasa
 
a
r
ab-
j
aha
l
a
 
b
erm
aksud
j
ah
il, ti
dak
menget
ahu
i
a
t
au
ti
ada
ilm
u
penget
ahua
n.2.
 
M
asya
r
aka
t
a
r
ab
j
ah
ili
ah
m
asya
r
aka
t
ya
ng
h
i
du
p
d
i Semen
a
nj
u
ng T
a
n
ah
Ar
ab
 
s
elep
as
r
u
nt
uh
n
ya
Emp
a
ng
a
n M
aa
ri
b
 
d
i S
abak
 
h
ingg
a
t
u
r
u
nn
ya
w
ahyu
All
ah
 
k
e N
ab
iM
uha
mm
ad
 
s
.
a
.w3.
 
Mere
ka
ti
dak
menerim
a
 
a
j
a
r
a
n p
a
r
a
n
ab
i
da
n r
asu
l
s
e
b
el
u
mn
ya
 
s
eperti N
ab
iI
b
r
ah
im,N
ab
i I
s
m
a
il, N
ab
i M
usa
 
da
n N
ab
i I
sa
.4.
 
Z
a
m
a
n ini
d
i
a
ngg
a
p z
a
m
a
n
k
egel
a
p
a
n
k
er
a
n
a
mere
ka
ti
dak
men
y
em
bah
 All
ah
,mere
ka
men
y
em
bah
 
b
er
ha
l
a
 
da
n memperc
aya
i
a
nimi
s
m.5.
 
Mere
ka
j
u
g
a
ti
ada
n
ab
i,r
asu
l
da
n
k
it
ab
 
su
ci.6.
 
A
kh
l
ak
mere
ka
ren
dah-k
ej
a
m,
a
ng
kuh
,
d
egil
b)
 
Cirri
-
ciri m
asya
r
aka
t Ar
ab
J
ah
ili
ah
 
1.
 
D
ua
golong
a
n i
a
it
u
B
ad
wi (tingg
a
l
d
i g
u
r
u
n & pe
da
l
a
m
a
n
)
 
da
n H
ada
ri (tingg
a
l
d
ipe
s
i
s
ir
a
n p
a
nt
a
i
)
 2.
 
Meng
a
m
a
l
ka
n per
bua
t
a
n ti
dak
 
b
ermor
a
l
-
j
ud
i,zin
a
,min
u
m
a
r
ak
 3.
 
Pem
abuk
 
d
i
a
ngg
a
p tel
ah
menj
ad
i lel
ak
i
s
emp
u
rn
a
.4.
 
W
a
nit
a
 
d
ip
a
n
da
ng ren
dah-
ti
dak
mew
a
ri
s
i
ha
rt
a
i
buba
p
a
,
bay
i peremp
ua
n
d
it
a
n
a
m
h
i
du
p
-h
i
du
p9
d
i
a
ngg
a
p menj
a
t
uhka
n m
a
r
uah
 
k
el
ua
rg
a)
 5.
 
Lel
ak
i
b
ole
h
 
b
er
kah
win
d
eng
a
n
b
e
b
er
a
p
a
w
a
nit
a
 
da
n
s
e
s
i
a
p
a
 
saha
j
a
 
ya
ng
d
i
suka
i.6.
 
Perni
a
g
aa
n
-b
er
asaska
n ri
ba
,meromp
ak/
mer
a
mp
as
 
sa
t
u
 
k
ew
a
ji
ba
n,orng
kaya
 menin
das
orng mi
sk
in.7.
 
Keperc
ayaa
n
-
men
y
em
bah
 
b
er
ha
l
a
,po
k
o
k
,menili
k
n
as
i
b
.8.
 
Ag
a
m
a
 
sa
m
a
wi
-
 
k
ri
s
ti
a
n,
yahud
i,
ha
nif 9.
 
Si
s
tem
kab
il
ah-b
erp
uak-
p
uak
 
d
lm
suku
tertent
u
,
sa
ng
a
t t
aksub/
a
n
a
tic
d
eng
a
n
suku
 
s
en
d
iri,
d
i
k
et
ua
i ole
h
 
sy
ei
kh
(
s
eor
a
ng
y
g
d
i
suka
i,
d
iper
s
et
u
j
u
i r
a
m
a
i,
b
er
a
ni,g
a
g
ah)
 10.
 
Sem
a
ng
a
t
assab
i
ah-s
em
a
ng
a
t
k
e
sukua
n mel
a
mp
au
,teri
ka
t
d
eng
a
n per
a
t
u
r
a
n
kab
il
ah
,
sa
ngg
u
p men
u
nt
u
t
b
el
a
 
d
emi
d
iri
da
n
kab
il
ah
.11.
 
Ke
adaa
n geogr
a
fi p
a
n
as
 
k
ering
k
ont
a
ng
-
mem
ba
w
a
 
s
i
ka
p ingin
b
erper
a
ng,
ka
c
au
 
b
il
au
conto
h
n
ya
per
a
ng
a
l
-
B
asus
 
 
2
)
 
N
abi Muhammad s.a.w sebelum menjadi Rasul
a)
 
Ke
h
i
du
p
a
n N
ab
i M
uha
mm
ad
 
s
.
a
.w
s
e
b
el
u
m menj
ad
i r
asu
l
1.
 
N
ab
i
k
et
u
r
u
n
a
n Q 
usa
i
b
in Kil
ab
(pemimpin Ar
ab
u
r
a
i
sy)
.2.
 
Kel
ua
rg
a
n
ab
i meng
uasa
i M
akkah
,K
aabah
,tel
a
g
a
z
a
mz
a
m3.
 
Ket
u
r
u
n
a
n n
ab
i
b
ij
ak
ment
adb
ir M
akkah
 
da
n
b
ij
ak
 
b
erni
a
g
a
 4.
 
B
a
p
a
 
ba
gin
da
i
a
l
ah
A
bdu
ll
ah
 
b
in A
bdu
ll
ah
 
b
in A
bdu
l M
u
t
a
li
b
, i
bu
n
ya
i
a
l
ah
Amin
ah
 
b
tW
ahab
 5.
 
N
ab
i
d
il
ah
ir
ka
n p
d
t
ahu
n 570 M (t
h
n g
a
j
ah)
 
d
i r
u
m
ah
 
da
t
uk
n
ya
 
da
n
d
i
b
eri n
a
m
a
 M
uha
mm
ad
 
b
erm
aksud
terp
u
ji.6.
 
B
a
p
a
n
ab
i meningg
a
l
du
ni
a
 
k
eti
ka
n
ab
i
da
l
a
m
ka
n
du
ng
a
n7.
 
N
ab
i men
yusu
 
d
eng
a
n H
a
lim
a
t
us
S
ad
i
yah
 8.
 
P
ada
 
us
i
a
6 t
ahu
n i
bu
n
ab
i meningg
a
l
da
n n
ab
i
d
ipeli
ha
r
a
ole
h
 
da
t
uk
n
ya
.
k
em
ud
i
a
n
da
t
uk
n
ya
meningg
a
l
du
ni
a
l
a
l
u
 
d
ipeli
ha
r
a
p
u
l
a
ole
h
 
ba
p
a
 
sauda
r
a
n
ya
,A
bu
T
a
li
b
.9.
 
Peng
a
l
a
m
a
n
h
i
du
p
-
menggem
ba
l
a
 
ka
m
b
ing
ba
p
a
 
sauda
r
a
n
ya
,
b
erni
a
g
a
 
d
i S
ya
m (
us
i
a
12t
h
n
)
 10.
 
Ker
asu
l
a
n n
ab
i tel
ah
 
d
ir
a
m
a
l ole
h
pen
d
et
a
N
as
r
a
ni
b
ern
a
m
a
B
uha
ir
a
 
k
eti
ka
rom
b
ong
a
nperni
a
g
aa
n
ya
 
s
ingg
ah
 
d
i B
as
r
ah
 11.
 
Kem
ud
i
a
nn
ya
 
ba
gin
da
menj
a
l
a
n
ka
n perni
a
g
aa
n K
had
ij
ah
 
b
t K
hu
w
a
li
d
 
b
er
sa
m
a-sa
m
a
 M
a
i
sa
r
ah
(
ha
m
ba
 
khad
ij
ah)
. Sif 
a
t terp
u
ji
ba
gin
da
men
y
e
babka
n perni
a
g
aa
n
ya
men
da
p
a
t
k
e
u
nt
u
ng
a
n
b
erlip
a
t
ka
li g
a
n
da
. A
kh
irn
ya
n
ab
i
b
er
kah
win
d
eng
a
n K
had
ij
ah
 
b)
 
Keperi
bad
i
a
n N
ab
i M
uha
mm
ad
 
s
.
a
.w
1.
 
Emp
a
t
s
if 
a
t terp
u
ji n
ab
i 
b
en
a
r,
d
iperc
aya
i, men
ya
mp
a
i
ka
n
da
n
b
ij
aksa
n
a
 2.
 
N
ab
i
d
igel
a
r
a
l
-
Amin
k
er
a
n
a
 
d
iperc
aya
i
da
n ti
dak
pern
ah
 
b
er
b
o
h
ong3.
 
Sif 
a
t
a
m
a
n
ah
men
y
e
babka
n K
had
ij
ah
mem
b
eri mo
da
l
ya
ng
b
e
sa
r
k
p
d
n
ab
i.4.
 
Sif 
a
t
k
epimpin
a
n n
ab
i
d
ili
ha
t
k
eti
ka
men
y
ele
sa
i
ka
n per
s
eng
k
et
aa
n melet
akka
n
ba
t
u
 H
a
j
a
r A
s
w
ad
 5.
 
N
ab
i
k
et
ua
 
k
el
ua
rg
a
conto
h
n
ya-
mem
ba
nt
u
i
s
teri mem
asak
,men
a
mp
a
l
ka
in
k
o
yak
,mel
aya
n
a
n
ak
 6.
 
B
a
gin
da
meren
dah
 
d
iri
-
 
b
erg
au
l
d
eng
a
n or
a
ng
kaya
,mi
sk
in,t
ua
,
ka
n
ak-ka
n
ak
.7.
 
Sif 
a
t pem
aa
-
conto
h
n
ya
meng
a
mp
u
n
ka
n
kau
m Q 
u
r
a
i
sy
 
k
eti
ka
mem
buka
 
s
em
u
l
a
 
k
ot
a
M
akkah
 8.
 
Sif 
a
t
b
ij
aksa
n
a-
perj
a
nji
a
n H
uda
i
b
i
yah
 
ya
ng
b
er
a
t
s
e
b
el
ah
 
akh
irn
ya
men
y
e
ba
r
ka
n
a
g
a
m
a
i
s
l
a
m.9.
 
Bert
aha
nn
u
t
h
(meng
as
ing
ka
n
d
iri
b
eri
bada
t
)-
 
d
i g
ua
Hir
ak
 10.
 
B
a
gin
da
 
saba
r
da
n t
abah
men
dak
i g
ua
Hir
ak
,
d
i B
uk
it N
u
r11.
 
P
ada
t
ahu
n 610 M n
ab
i menerim
a
w
ahyu
pert
a
m
a
 
 
3
)
 
N
abi Muhammad s.a.w menyebarkan Islam di Makkah
a)
 
Ker
asu
l
a
n N
ab
i M
uha
mm
ad
 
s
.
a
.w
 1.
 
W
ahyu
pert
a
m
a-
 
su
r
ah
 
a
l
-
Al
aq
 
aya
t 15
ya
ng memerint
ahka
n
u
m
a
t i
s
l
a
mmem
ba
c
a
. I
s
l
a
m mengg
a
l
akka
n
u
m
a
tn
ya
mem
ba
c
a
 
da
n mem
bua
t
ka
ji
a
n.Ilm
u
 
ya
ng
d
it
u
nt
u
t me
s
til
ah
ilm
u
 
ya
ng mem
b
in
a
m
asya
r
aka
t.2.
 
W
ahyu
 
k
e
dua-
 
su
r
ah
 
a
l
-
M
uddas
ir
aya
t 1
-
7
ya
ng mengi
sy
ti
ha
r
ka
n n
ab
i
s
e
ba
g
a
iR
asu
l
u
ll
ah
 
da
n w
a
ji
b
men
ya
mp
a
i
ka
n I
s
l
a
m
k
ep
ada
 
s
el
u
r
uh
m
a
n
us
i
a
 3.
 
Seleep
as
it
u
n
ab
i ter
us
menerim
a
w
ahyu
 
da
n men
y
e
ba
r
ka
n4.
 
Per
ka
r
a
 
u
t
a
m
a
 
ya
ng
d
ite
ka
n
ka
n
k
eti
ka
ini i
a
l
ah
 
ak
i
dah
 
b)
 
C
a
r
a
pen
y
e
ba
r
a
n i
s
l
a
m
d
i M
akkah
 
1.
 
P
ada
m
u
l
a
 
s
ec
a
r
a
r
ahs
i
a
 
s
el
a
m
a
3 t
ahu
n
-
 
d
it
u
nj
ukka
n
k
p
d
 
ah
li
k
el
ua
rg
a
 n
ab
i,
sahaba
t r
a
p
a
t
da
n
kau
m
k
er
aba
t2.
 
Sec
a
r
a
ter
buka
 
s
el
a
m
a
10t
ahu
n
-
c
a
r
a
ter
a
ng ter
a
ng
a
n
s
lp
s
menerim
a
perint
ah
 All
ah
 3.
 
Pengi
s
l
a
m
a
n
s
ec
a
r
a
 
b
er
ahs
i
a-
 
khad
ij
ah
 
b
t
khu
w
a
li
d
(i
s
teri
)
, Ali
b
. A
bu
T
a
li
b
(10
-
t
h
n
s
ep
u
p
u)
, A
bu
B
aka
r
a
l
-
Si
dd
i
q
(
shb
t
ba
gin
da
 
y
g
k
em
ud
i
a
nn
ya
mengi
s
l
a
m
ka
nUt
h
m
a
n
b
.Aff 
a
n
da
n
a
l
-
Ar
qa
m
y
g menj
ad
i
ka
nr
u
m
ah
n
ya
p
usa
t
k
egi
a
t
a
n i
s
l
a
m
d
iM
akkah)
 4.
 
Pengi
s
l
a
m
a
n
s
ec
a
r
a
ter
buka
k
p
d
 
k
el
ua
rg
a
A
bdu
l M
u
tt
a
li
b
, n
ab
i cer
a
m
ah
 
d
ir
u
m
ah
Ali
b
A
bu
T
a
li
b
ttp
d
itol
ak
 
kua
t ole
h
A
bu
L
ahab
 
ba
p
a
 
sauda
r
a
n
ab
i5.
 
Kem
ud
i
a
n
dak
w
ah
te
buka
 
d
i B
uk
it S
a
a-
 
k
p
d
 
k
et
ua
pent
adb
ir M
akkah
 
s
prt
k
et
ua
 B
a
ni A
bdu
l M
u
tt
a
li
b
, B
a
ni T
a
mim, B
a
ni Z
uh
r
ah
ttp
d
i
h
in
a
ole
h
A
bu
L
ahab
 
c
)
 
Penerim
aa
n ter
hada
p i
s
l
a
m pering
ka
t
a
w
a
l
1.
 
A
h
li
k
el
ua
rg
a
menerim
a
 
s
ec
a
r
a
r
ahs
i
a
(j
u
ml
ah
n
ya
 
k
ecil
)
 2.
 
H
a
m
ba
memel
uk
i
s
l
a
m
k
er
a
n
a
l
aya
n
a
n
ya
ng
sa
m
a
ole
h
i
s
l
a
m
s
prt Bil
a
l
b
. R
abah
,
k
el
ua
rg
a
Y
ass
ir3.
 
Mere
ka
 
d
i
s
i
ksa-
Bil
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