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Siddha-Herbs

Siddha-Herbs

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Published by venkatasubramani

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Published by: venkatasubramani on Mar 14, 2011
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THE SIDDHA PHARMACOPOEIAOF INDIA
PART – IVOLUME – IFirst Edition
GOVERNMENT OF INDIAMINISTRY OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFAREDEPARTMENT OF AYURVEDA, YOGA & NATUROPATHY, UNANI, SIDDHA ANDHOMOEOPATHY (AYUSH)NEW DELHI
1
 
1. AMUKKARA (ROOT)
AMUKKARË (Root) -
ܺ‚èó£
Amukkar¡ is the dried root of 
Withania somnifera
 
(L.)
 
Dunal Syn.
Physalis somnifera
L.,
P. flexuosa
L.,
.
arborescense
DC. (Fam. Solanaceae), a perennial shrub, found in waste land,cultivated fields and open grounds throughout India. It is also cultivated in certain areas of MadhyaPradesh and Rajasthan. Roots are collected in winter, washed and cut into small pieces.The driedroot is subjected to purification process before use. It grows in Mullai and Marutham thi¸ai.
SYNONYMS
Tamil : Acuvakanthi (
ܲõè‰F
), Amukkar¡ Ki¾a´ku (
ܺ‚èó£ Aöƒ°
)Assamese : AshvagandhaBengali : AshvagandhaGujrati : AsgandhaHindi : AsgandhKannada : Angarberu, Hiremaddina- gidaKashmiri : AsagandhMalayalam : AmukkuramMarathi : Asagandha, AskagandhaOriya : AswagandhaPunjabi : AsgandhSanskrit : Asvagandha, Hayagandha, VajigandhaTelugu : PennerugaddaUrdu : Asgand
DESCRIPTIONa) Macroscopic
Roots straight, unbranched, thickness varying with age, roots bear fibre-like secondaryroots, outer surface buff to grey-yellow with longitudinal wrinkles; crown consists of remains of variously thickened stem bases; fracture short and uneven; odour characteristic; taste bitter andacrid.
b) Microscopic
Transverse section of root shows cork exfoliated or crushed; when present rectangular,radially flattened and non-lignified; cork cambium 2 to 4 diffused rows of cells; secondary cortexabout twenty layers of compact parenchymatous cells mostly filled with starch grains; phloemconsists of sieve tubes, companion cells, phloem parenchyma; cambium 4 or 5 rows of tangentially
2
 
elongated cells; xylem hard forming a closed vascular ring separated by multiseriate medullaryrays.
Powder:
Yellowish grey; shows cork cells, parenchyma cells, tracheids, vessels, fibres and starchgrains.
IDENTITY, PURITY AND STRENGTH
Foreign matter Not more than 2 per cent, Appendix 2.2.2.Total Ash Not more than 7 per cent, Appendix 2.2.3.Acid-insoluble ash Not more than 1 per cent, Appendix 2.2.4.Alcohol-soluble extractive Not less than 15 per cent, Appendix 2.2.6.Water-soluble extractive Not less than 27 per cent, Appendix 2.2.7.
ASSAY
HPLC conditions for the separation of withaferin A in Alcohol extract.Mobile phase : n- Hexane: Isopropanol (9:1)Flow rate : 0.2 ml/min.Column : Porasil A coiled column (1.2ft. x 1/8 inch)Detector : UV at 225 nm
T.L.C.
T.L.C. of Petroleum ether soluble fraction of Alcohol extract on an aluminium plateprecoated with silica gel 60 F
254
(E.Merck) 0.2 mm. thickness using Petroleum ether (80 -100° C):Chloroform (1:1) spraying with 10% Methanolic Sulphuric acid reagent and heating the plate for ten minutes at 105ºC shows two spots at Rf. 0.17 (violet) and 0.92 (greyish brown).
CONSTITUENTS
Withanolides- withaferin A, withanone, withanolides I, II, III, III A, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J,K, L, M, WS-I, P and S, withasomidienone, cuscohygrine, anahygrine, tropine, pseudotropine,anaferine, isopellatierine, 3- tropyltigloate
.
 
PROPERTIES AND ACTIONSCuvai
: Kaippu (
¬èŠ¹
)
Gu¸am
: Ilaku (
Þô°
)
V¢rium
: Veppam (
ªõŠð‹
)
Pirivu
: K¡rppu (
裘Š¹
)
Ceykai
: ˸maiperukki (
݇¬ñªð¼‚A
), Ci¼un¢rperukki (
CÁc˜ªð¼‚A
),K¡yaka¼pam¡kki (
è£òèŸðñ£‚A
), U¼akkamu¸·¡kki (
àø‚躇죂A
), Uram¡kki (
àóñ£‚A
), U·alveppaka¼¼i (
à왪õŠðèŸP
), U·a¼t®¼¼i (
à쟫îŸP
), V¢kkamurukki(
i‚躼‚A
)
3

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