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Causative have / get

Causative have / get

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Published by: Angela on Mar 14, 2011
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12/13/2013

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1
I got my photograph taken formy passport.
Otra persona me hizo la foto.
She has her hair done twice aweek.
Otra persona le arregla el pelo.
I have / get my house paintedonce a year.
Otra persona pinta mi casa.
A. Se usa un verbo causativo para expresar las acciones que encargamos a alguien
.She always has her food delivered (en lugar de traerla ella, pide a alguien que se la traiga)
Esta estructura tiene un significado pasivo.
 B.
Si
quisiéramos mencionar quién hace la acción, podríamos añadir by + el agente al final.
 Susan had her car repaired by a mechanic (Susan llevó el coche a un mecánico para que se lo arreglara)
 C. El verbo causativo puede usarse prácticamente en cualquier tiempo.
We’re having our house painted this weekJack will be getting his messages sent by e-mail from now on
TENSE
 
HAVE/GET SOMETHING DONE
 
Present Simple
I
have/get
my hair
cut
.
 
Past Simple
I
had/got
my hair
cut
.
 
Present Continuous
I'
m having/getting
my hair
cut
.
 
Past Continuous
I
was having/getting
my hair
cut
.
 
Present Perfect
I
have had
my hair
cut
.
Past Perfect
I
had had
my hair
cut
.
will
I
will have
my hair
cut
.
must
I
must have
my hair
cut
.
be going to
I'
m going to have
my hair
cut
.
 
 
D. La interrogativa y la negativa se forman como las de cualquier otro verbo
Do you have your car serviced regularly?Did he get his house redecorated last week?You won’t have your eyes tested next weekI’m not getting my hair cut today.
 E. En situaciones en las que se quiere indicar que algo desagradable ha ocurrido en el pasado se sueleusar have + objeto + participio
He had his car broken last weekI had my finger bitten during the fightShe had his mobile phone stolen while she was playing in the playground
 Nota
:a)
get
también indica que el objeto realiza personalmente la acción o se implica mucho en su ejecución.When I get my homework done, I’ll match TV
b)
have
es un poco más formal que
get
y
 
get es más frecuente que
have
en la forma imperativa
.
Example: Get your bedroom tidied at once!
 
Source:
 
http://luiscarrillodesotomayor.com/departamentos/ingles/
1. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Use causative have / get.
 
1.
 
We ___________ the roof ___________ last year. It cost us a packet. (repair)
2.
 
Anne ___________ her hair ___________ every Friday afternoon. (do)
3.
 
I ___________ the brakes ___________ three times a year. (check)
4.
 
The government ___________ the whole town ___________ yesterday. (evacuate)
5.
 
I ___________ my hard drive ___________ for a bigger one last week. (change)
6.
 
When did you last ___________ the air-conditioning ___________ ? (service)
7.
 
You don't think Liv Tyler's beautiful?! You should ___________ your eyes ___________. (test)
8.
 
After the plague of fleas, the boss ___________ the office ___________ . (disinfect)
9.
 
Your cat's coughing. You need to ___________ him ___________ for parasites. (treat)
 
2
10.
 
Daphne ___________ her legs ___________ once a fortnight. (do)
11.
 
I normally ___________ my suit dry ___________ before a wedding. (clean)
12.
 
The headmaster ___________ all the lockers ___________ for the missing footballs yesterday.(search)
13.
 
Have you ___________ your house ___________ ? (double-glaze)
14.
 
Have you ___________ that poster I bought you ___________ yet? (frame)
15.
 
The house is in chaos. We're ___________ a new kitchen ___________ in. (put)
2. Rewrite these sentences using
have 
or
get 
.
1.
 
The mechanic changed the oil in my car._________________________________________________________________________________2.
 
The hairdresser cut my hair in a completely different style._________________________________________________________________________________3.
 
A decorator has repainted our house._________________________________________________________________________________4.
 
A friend of mine, who’s an electrician, is going to repair my DVD player next week._________________________________________________________________________________5.
 
My jacket is being cleaned at a specialist cleaner’s._________________________________________________________________________________6.
 
The town hall has just been rebuilt for the council._________________________________________________________________________________
3. Write a sentence for the following situations using
have 
or
get 
.
1.
 
Mike is going to ask a carpenter to put the doors up.
Mike is having / getting the doors put up (by a carpenter).
2.
 
Tony asked a mechanic to fix the car._________________________________________________________________________________3.
 
You should ask a plumber to unblock the toilet._________________________________________________________________________________4.
 
Ask the maid to tidy your room._________________________________________________________________________________5.
 
Simon is going to ask a tailor to make a suit for him._________________________________________________________________________________6.
 
Did he ask the optician to test his eyes?_________________________________________________________________________________7.
 
Tommy asks his brother to do his homework._________________________________________________________________________________8.
 
The girl asked her mother to read the story to her._________________________________________________________________________________9.
 
They will ask a chef to cook the meal._________________________________________________________________________________10.
 
The report is being typed by his secretary._________________________________________________________________________________11.
 
She will ask a decorator to decorate the lounge._________________________________________________________________________________12.
 
You should ask someone to fix car brakes._________________________________________________________________________________13.
 
When will your new shower be installed?_________________________________________________________________________________14.
 
Bruce may ask a builder to repair his roof._________________________________________________________________________________15.
 
Are you going to ask someone to service your motorbike?_________________________________________________________________________________16.
 
I’ve asked the secretary to rewrite the whole report._________________________________________________________________________________17.
 
Her children are being taught computer science._________________________________________________________________________________18.
 
James asked the messenger to send the flowers round to his girlfriend’s house._________________________________________________________________________________19.
 
Can’t you ask someone to repair the washing machine?_________________________________________________________________________________20.
 
You should ask them to install a telephone._________________________________________________________________________________

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