I. C. PRINCIPLE OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT1. Growth and Development is a continuous process that begins fromconception and ends with death.Principle:
womb to tomb
2. Not all parts of the body grow at the same time or at the same rate.Patterns of Growth and Development
1. Renal, digestive, circulatory, Musculo-skeletal (childhood)2.
- Grows rapidly during 1 – 2 years of life- Brain (achieve to its adult proportion by 5 years)- Central Nervous System- SC3.
- Lymph nodes, Spleen, Thymus- Grows rapidly during infancy and childhood (to provide protectionagainst infxn)- Tonsils is achieved in 5 years4.
– grows rapidly during puberty
3. Each child is unique2 Primary factors affecting Growth and DevelopmentA. HeredityR
uality of nutrition
rdinal position in family
4. Growth and Development occurs in a regular direction reflecting adefinite and predictable patterns or trends
– occurs in a regular direction reflecting thedevelopment of neuromuscular functions: these apply to physical, mental,social and emotional developments and includes:a.
Cephalo - caudal
(head to tail)- It occurs along bodies’ long axis in which control over head, mouthand eye movements and precedes control over upper body torso andlegs.b.
Proximo – distal
(centro distal)- Progressing from the center of the body to the extremetiesc.
Each side of the body develop on the same direction at the same timeat the same rate