WHAT IS MULTIPLE DISCRIMINANT ANALYSIS?
Discriminantanalysis is a dependence technique that forms
(linearcombinations of metric independent variables), which are used to predict theclassification of a categorical dependent variable.
Classification is accomplished by a statistical procedure, which derives discriminantfunctions, or variates of the predictor variables, which ma
imize the between-group variance and minimize the within-group variance on the discriminantfunction score(s).
The null hypothesis is that the two or more group means are equal on thediscriminantfunction(s), thus a statistically significant model would indicate thatthe group means are not equal.
Researchers use multiple discriminantanalysis to help them understand:
group differences on a set of independent variables
the ability to correctly classify statistical units into groups or classes
the relative importance of independent variables in the classification process